Martin Brunner

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Fzo1p is a novel component required for the biogenesis of functional mitochondria in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The protein is homologous to Drosophila Fzo, the first known protein mediator of mitochondrial fusion. Deletion of the FZO1 gene results in a petite phenotype, loss of mitochondrial DNA, and a fragmented mitochondrial morphology. Fzo1p is(More)
Translocation of mitochondrial preproteins across the inner membrane is facilitated by the TIM machinery. Tim23 binds to matrix targeting signals and initiates membrane potential-dependent import. Tim23 and Tim17 are constituents of a translocation channel across the inner membrane. Tim44 is associated with this channel at the matrix side, and Tim44(More)
Protein translocation into mitochondria requires the mitochondrial protein Hsp70. This molecular chaperone of the mitochondrial matrix is recruited to the protein import machinery by MIM44, a component associated with the inner membrane of the mitochondria. Formation of the mt-Hsp70/MIM44 complex is regulated by ATP. MIM44 and mt-Hsp 70 interact in a(More)
Import of nuclear-encoded precursor proteins into mitochondria and their subsequent sorting into mitochondrial subcompartments is mediated by translocase enzymes in the mitochondrial outer and inner membranes. Precursor proteins carrying amino-terminal targeting signals are translocated into the matrix by the integral inner membrane proteins Tim23 and Tim17(More)
We have identified Tim9, a new component of the TIM22.54 import machinery, which mediates transport of proteins into the inner membrane of mitochondria. Tim9, an essential protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, shares sequence similarity with Tim10 and Tim12. Tim9 is located in the mitochondrial intermembrane space and is organized into two distinct(More)
Import of nuclear-encoded mitochondrial preproteins is mediated by a general translocase in the outer membrane, the TOM complex, and by two distinct translocases in the mitochondrial inner membrane, the TIM23 complex and the TIM22 complex. Both TIM complexes cooperate with the TOM complex but facilitate import of different classes of precursor proteins.(More)
Members of the mitochondrial carrier family such as the ADP/ATP carrier (AAC) are composed of three structurally related modules. Here we show that each of the modules contains a mitochondrial import signal recognized by Tim10 and Tim12 in the intermembrane space. The first and the second module are translocated across the outer membrane independently of(More)
Tim8 and Tim13 are non-essential, conserved proteins of the mitochondrial intermembrane space, which are organized in a hetero-oligomeric complex. They are structurally related to Tim9 and Tim10, essential components of the import machinery for mitochondrial carrier proteins. Here we show that the TIM8-13 complex interacts with translocation intermediates(More)
The Mohr-Tranebjaerg syndrome (MTS), a neurodegenerative syndrome characterized by progressive sensorineural hearing loss, dystonia, mental retardation and blindness, is a mitochondrial disease caused by mutations in the deafness/dystonia peptide 1 (DDP1) gene. DDP1 shows similarity to the yeast proteins Tim9, Tim10 and Tim12, components of the(More)
Translocation of nuclear-encoded mitochondrial preproteins is mediated by translocases in the outer and inner membranes. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, translocation of preproteins into the matrix requires the membrane proteins Tim23, Tim17 and Tim44, which drive translocation in cooperation with mtHsp70 and its co-chaperone Mge1p. We have cloned(More)