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Recovery of motor function after stroke may occur over weeks or months and is often attributed to cerebral reorganization. We have investigated the longitudinal relationship between recovery after stroke and task-related brain activation during a motor task as measured using functional MRI (fMRI). Eight first-ever stroke patients presenting with hemiparesis(More)
Recovery of motor function after stroke may occur over weeks or months and is often attributed to neuronal reorganization. Functional imaging studies investigating patients who have made a good recovery after stroke have suggested that recruitment of other motor-related networks underlies this recovery. However, patients with less complete recovery have(More)
It has been proposed recently that a deficit in keeping track of spatial locations may contribute to the severity of unilateral neglect in some right hemisphere stroke patients. However, performance on traditional spatial working memory (SWM) tasks (e.g. Corsi blocks) might be confounded by failure to encode leftward locations, rather than a true deficit of(More)
In this paper, we elaborate on the well-known relationship between Gaussian Processes (GP) and Support Vector Machines (SVM) under some convex assumptions for the loss functions. This paper concentrates on the derivation of the evidence and error bar approximation for regression problems. An error bar formula is derived based on the ∈-insensitive loss(More)
OBJECTIVE Brain microbleeds on gradient-recalled echo (GRE) T2*-weighted MRI may be a useful biomarker for bleeding-prone small vessel diseases, with potential relevance for diagnosis, prognosis (especially for antithrombotic-related bleeding risk), and understanding mechanisms of symptoms, including cognitive impairment. To address these questions, it is(More)
BACKGROUND Results from randomised controlled trials have shown a higher short-term risk of stroke associated with carotid stenting than with carotid endarterectomy for the treatment of symptomatic carotid stenosis. However, these trials were underpowered for investigation of whether carotid artery stenting might be a safe alternative to endarterectomy in(More)
While genetically inspired approaches to multi-objective optimization have many advantages over conventional approaches, they do not explicitly exploit directional/gradient information. This paper describes how steepestdescent, multi-objective optimization theory can be combined with EC concepts to produce improved algorithms. It shows how approximate(More)
We investigate whether information sharing among banks has affected credit market performance in the transition countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, using a large sample of firm-level data. Our estimates show that information sharing is associated with improved availability and lower cost of credit to firms. This correlation is stronger(More)
BACKGROUND Carotid percutaneous transluminal angioplasty may be a useful non-surgical procedure for carotid stenosis, particularly for lesions not suitable for surgery. OBJECTIVES The objective of this review was to assess the effect of carotid percutaneous transluminal angioplasty compared with carotid endarterectomy (in patients suitable for surgery) or(More)