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Central core disease (CCD) is a congenital myopathy due to dominant mutations in the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor gene (RYR1). The authors report three patients from two consanguineous families with symptoms of a congenital myopathy, cores on muscle biopsy, and confirmed linkage to the RYR1 locus. Molecular genetic studies in one family identified a(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the fukutin-related protein gene FKRP cause limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD2I) as well as a form of congenital muscular dystrophy (MDC1C). OBJECTIVE To define the phenotype in LGMD2I. METHODS The authors assessed 16 patients from 14 families with FKRP gene mutations and LGMD and collected the results of mutation analysis,(More)
Dominant mutations in the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (RYR1) gene are well-recognized causes of both malignant hyperthermia susceptibility (MHS) and central core disease (CCD). More recently, recessive RYR1 mutations have been described in few congenital myopathy patients with variable pathology, including multi-minicores. Although a clinical overlap(More)
We describe two Scottish siblings affected by a form of congenital muscular dystrophy characterised by a severe clinical phenotype, similar to that observed in the 6q-linked merosin-deficient CMD but in whom brain MRI and cognitive development were normal. The maximal function achieved in the 2 siblings was sitting independently. Serum CK were grossly(More)
BACKGROUND Minicore myopathy (multi-minicore disease [MmD]) is a congenital myopathy characterized by multifocal areas with loss of oxidative activity on muscle biopsy. MmD is clinically heterogeneous and distinct phenotypes have been associated with recessive mutations in either the selenoprotein N (SEPN1) or the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (RYR1)(More)
The mitochondrial tRNALeu(UUR) A-->G(3243) mutation was identified in 22 unrelated patients. The probands and their relatives were assessed clinically and by quantitative mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) analysis. While 10 probands had clinical features consistent with the syndrome of mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes(More)
The neuropathological findings in 2 patients with Kearns-Sayre syndrome and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) rearrangements, one a predominant deletion and the other a predominant duplication, were remarkably similar, showing diffuse vacuolation of white matter. There were some of the pathological features of Leigh's syndrome in the spinal cord of the patient with(More)
Muscular dystrophies with reduced glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan (alpha-DG), commonly referred to as dystroglycanopathies, are a heterogeneous group of autosomal recessive conditions which include a wide spectrum of clinical severity. Reported phenotypes range from severe congenital onset Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) with severe structural brain and(More)
CONTEXT Over the past 15 years the causative genes of several inherited muscular dystrophies have been identified. These genes encode sarcolemmal, extracellular matrix, sarcomeric, and nuclear envelope proteins. Although the post-translational processing of muscle proteins has a significant role in their correct assembly and function, these processes have(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The recent identification of mutations in five genes coding for proteins with putative or demonstrated glycosyltransferase activity has shed light on a novel mechanism responsible for muscular dystrophy. Abnormal glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan appears to be a common finding in all these conditions. Surprisingly, the disease severity(More)