Learn More
Human mtDNA shows striking regional variation, traditionally attributed to genetic drift. However, it is not easy to account for the fact that only two mtDNA lineages (M and N) left Africa to colonize Eurasia and that lineages A, C, D, and G show a 5-fold enrichment from central Asia to Siberia. As an alternative to drift, natural selection might have(More)
A phylogenetic analysis of 1125 global human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences permitted positioning of all nucleotide substitutions according to their order of occurrence. The relative frequency and amino acid conservation of internal branch replacement mutations was found to increase from tropical Africa to temperate Europe and arctic northeastern(More)
Nuclear mitochondrial DNA sequences (NUMTs) are common in eukaryotes. However, the mechanism by which they integrate into the nuclear genome remains a riddle. We analyzed 247 NUMTs in the human nuclear DNA (nDNA), along with their flanking regions. This analysis revealed that some NUMTs have accumulated many changes, and thus have resided in the nucleus a(More)
The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) encompasses two classes of functionally important sequence variants: recent pathogenic mutations and ancient adaptive polymorphisms. To rapidly and cheaply evaluate both classes of single nucleotide variants (SNVs), we have developed an integrated system in which mtDNA SNVs are analyzed by multiplex primer extension using the(More)
Pathogenic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations leading to mitochondrial dysfunction can cause cardiomyopathy and heart failure. Owing to a high mutation rate, mtDNA defects may occur at any nucleotide in its 16 569 bp sequence. Complete mtDNA sequencing may detect pathogenic mutations, which can be difficult to interpret because of normal(More)
Modern experimental techniques provide the ability to gather vast amounts of biological data in a single experiment (e.g. DNA microarray experiment), making it extremely difficult for the researcher to interpret the data and form conclusions about the functions of the genes. Current approaches provide useful information that organizes or relates genes, but(More)
  • 1