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Photosystem II (PSII) catalyzes a key step in photosynthesis, the oxidation of water to oxygen. Excellent structural models exist for the dimeric PSII core complex of cyanobacteria, but higher order physiological assemblies readily dissociate when solubilized from the native thylakoid membrane with detergent. Here, we describe the crystallization of PSII(More)
Organohalide-respiring microorganisms can use a variety of persistent pollutants, including trichloroethene (TCE), as terminal electron acceptors. The final two-electron transfer step in organohalide respiration is catalyzed by reductive dehalogenases. Here we report the x-ray crystal structure of PceA, an archetypal dehalogenase from Sulfurospirillum(More)
Bovine adrenal medullary cells released significant amounts of opioid pentapeptides (Methionine- and Leucine-enkephalin), when stimulated with neuropeptides like angiotensin II (AT), bradykinin (BK) or neurotensin (NT). Dose-response curves for angiotensin II and bradykinin were shown to be double-sigmoidal, with the first EC50 in the nM range; much lower(More)
Histamine is a potent secretagogue for opioid pentapeptides (Met- and Leu-enkephalin) in adrenal chromaffin cells in vitro. This effect is dependent on extracellular Ca2+ and is reduced by Ca2+ channel blockers such as Co2+, D 600, and nifedipine. Moreover, histamine also produced a profound compensatory increase in cellular peptide content after 48 h of(More)
Twice-daily intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injections for three days of increasing doses of guanidino-ethyl-mercapto-succinic acid (GEMSA) produced a dose-dependent decrease in methionine-enkephalin- and leucine-enkephalin levels in rat hypothalami. GEMSA is a specific and potent inhibitor of a carboxypeptidase B-like processing enzyme, referred to as(More)
In photosynthesis, photosystem II (PSII) is the multi-subunit membrane protein complex that catalyzes photo-oxidation of water into dioxygen through the oxygen evolving complex (OEC). To understand the water oxidation reaction, it is important to get structural information about the transient and intermediate states of the OEC in the dimeric PSII core(More)
The spectral properties and dynamics of the fluorescence emission of photosystem II core complexes are investigated by single-molecule spectroscopy at 1.6 K. The emission spectra are dominated by sharp zero-phonon lines (ZPLs). The sharp ZPLs are the result of weak to intermediate exciton-vibrational coupling and slow spectral diffusion. For several data(More)
The nicotine-induced release of catecholamines and opioid peptides from bovine chromaffin cells is inhibited by the amidated opioid peptide amidorphin. The active site of this inhibitory activity is located at the peptide's C-Terminus, which is, in contrast to the N-terminal sequence TYR-GLY-GLY-PHE, not responsible for the opioidergic activity of opioid(More)
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