Martin Bettag

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PURPOSE To localize the cortical motor hand area with functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging before and after MR imaging--guided laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy of tumors in the precentral brain region to control energy delivery and to improve safety. MATERIALS AND METHODS Functional MR images were obtained in eight patients (five men, three(More)
OBJECTIVE We retrospectively analyzed the indications, surgical techniques, and applicability of frameless neuronavigation to endoscopic procedures in a heterogeneous group of 15 patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS In 8 patients indications for surgery were cystic lesions, in 3 patients intraventricular tumors, and in 4 patients occlusive hydrocephalus. The(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Laser-induced thermotherapy (LITT) is an approach to the treatment of brain tumors especially in poorly accessible regions. Its clinical applicability with tumor cell destruction has been shown in several studies. However, no data are known about specific effects on tumors cells due to LITT in the time course of the lesion. STUDY(More)
Tumors of the oculomotor nerve are rare and most instances reported have been schwannomas. The authors present clinical, neuroradiological, and neuropathological findings in a 70-year-old woman with a glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) growing primarily in the proximal part of the left oculomotor nerve. The patient presented with a 1-month history of transient(More)
OBJECTIVE Laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) using a neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd: YAG) laser is a new therapeutic approach in the treatment of brain tumors. The purpose of our study was to determine the value of MRI in monitoring LITT. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eight patients with intracerebral tumors were treated with LITT. The light(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential value of i.v. gadolinium-diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid (Gd-DTPA) applied before MRI-guided laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) of brain tumors without original enhancement, especially in defining total lesion size during therapy. MRI-guided LITT was performed on two patients with(More)
Interstitial thermotherapy using Nd:YAG-laser induced hyperthermia is a new stereotactic method for the treatment of brain tumors in poorly accessible regions. To provide a basis for the underlying tissue alterations, we have analyzed the spatial and temporal pattern of interstitial laser hyperthermia lesions in the normal rat brain by histological,(More)
OBJECT In spite of the development of approximately 200 different shunt systems within the last 50 years, overdrainage and valve obstructions are still major problems in the current treatment of hydrocephalus. In 1994, a new gravitational valve with different opening pressures (depending upon the patient's posture) and a big contact area to CSF was(More)
BACKGROUND Since the end of last century, technology has taken a front seat in dispersion of medical education. Advancements of technology in neurosurgery and traditional training methods are now being challenged by legal and ethical concerns of patient safety, resident work-hour restriction and cost of operating-room time. To supplement the existing(More)
BACKGROUND The natural history of brain stem cavernous malformations is unfavorable because of their high hemorrhage rate and resulting neurological deterioration among patients. However, direct surgery of intrinsic and anteriorly situated cavernomas is hazardous and leads to a bad postoperative outcome because of trauma to lateral and dorsally situated(More)