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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to analyse the value of intraoperative micro-Doppler in stereotactic brain biopsy (SBB). So far, only a few studies have reported about the usefulness of micro-Doppler in stereotactic brain biopsy. METHODS Between 1998 and 2003, 155 SBBs were performed in 153 patients with micro-Doppler (81 males, 72 females, mean age:(More)
The 1.06 micron Nd:YAG laser and a new fiberoptic delivery system, the Interstitial Thermo-Therapy (ITT) laser fibre, allows stereotactic interstitial irradiation of cerebral tumours. In experimental rat brain studies we found typical laser-tissue effects with a central necrosis and a sharply demarcated oedema towards the normal brain. The size of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is widely accepted in the treatment of advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) and other movement disorders. The standard implantation procedure is performed under local anesthesia (LA). Certain groups of patients may not be eligible for surgery under LA because of clinical reasons, such as massive fear, reduced(More)
BACKGROUND The natural history of brain stem cavernous malformations is unfavorable because of their high hemorrhage rate and resulting neurological deterioration among patients. However, direct surgery of intrinsic and anteriorly situated cavernomas is hazardous and leads to a bad postoperative outcome because of trauma to lateral and dorsally situated(More)
Tumors of the oculomotor nerve are rare and most instances reported have been schwannomas. The authors present clinical, neuroradiological, and neuropathological findings in a 70-year-old woman with a glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) growing primarily in the proximal part of the left oculomotor nerve. The patient presented with a 1-month history of transient(More)
The authors describe a 58-year-old man with sudden onset of a unilateral tremor caused by a midbrain lesion that affected the substantia nigra and the cerebellothalamic pathway. There were also clinical and neuroimaging signs of a communicating chronic hydrocephalus. The patient was severely handicapped by this tremor, which was a typical Holmes tremor with(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the combination of spinal tap test (STT) with cerebral perfusion measurement assessed either by Tc-bicisate-SPECT (Tc-SPECT) or perfusion weighted MRI (pwMRI), or both, for a better preoperative selection of promising candidates for shunt operations in suspected idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. (More)
OBJECTIVES To test the hypothesis that cortical plasticity related to destructive tumour growth is functionally relevant. This hypothesis predicts that function is dependent on the intactness of tissue surrounding the tumour. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eight patients underwent laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) for minimally invasive palliative(More)
OBJECTIVE We retrospectively analyzed the indications, surgical techniques, and applicability of frameless neuronavigation to endoscopic procedures in a heterogeneous group of 15 patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS In 8 patients indications for surgery were cystic lesions, in 3 patients intraventricular tumors, and in 4 patients occlusive hydrocephalus. The(More)
OBJECTIVE Cerebral vasospasm (VSP) is one of the most important risk factors for the development of a delayed neurological deficit after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (pwMRI) provides the possibility of detecting tissue at risk for infarction. The objective of our study was to evaluate the feasibility and(More)