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Broken DNA ends are rejoined by non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) pathways requiring the Ku proteins (Ku70, Ku80), DNA ligase IV and its associated protein Lif1/Xrcc4 (ref. 1). In mammalian meiotic cells, Ku protein levels are much lower than in somatic cells, apparently reducing the capacity of meiotic cells to carry out NHEJ and thereby promoting(More)
Recently we generated a mathematical model (Bentele, M., Lavrik, I., Ulrich, M., Stosser, S., Heermann, D. W., Kalthoff, H., Krammer, P. H., and Eils, R. (2004) J. Cell Biol. 166, 839-851) of signaling in CD95(Fas/APO-1)-mediated apoptosis. Mathematical modeling in combination with experimental data provided new insights into CD95-mediated apoptosis and(More)
Human thymine DNA glycosylase (TDG) was discovered as an enzyme that can initiate base excision repair at sites of 5-methylcytosine- or cytosine deamination in DNA by its ability to release thymine or uracil from G.T and G.U mismatches. Crystal structure analysis of an Escherichia coli homologue identified conserved amino acid residues that are critical for(More)
More than 50% of colon cancer-associated mutations in the p53 tumor suppressor gene are C-->T transitions. The majority of them locate in CpG dinucleotides and are thought to have arisen through spontaneous hydrolytic deamination of 5-methylcytosine. This deamination process gives rise to G.T mispairs that need to be repaired to G.C in order to avoid C-->T(More)
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