Martin Benesch

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Persons with Down syndrome (DS) uniquely have an increased frequency of leukemias but a decreased total frequency of solid tumors. The distribution and frequency of specific types of brain tumors have never been studied in DS. We evaluated the frequency of primary neural cell embryonal tumors and gliomas in a large international data set. The observed(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal cord ependymomas are very rare among children and adolescents. Due to their rarity, our current knowledge of these tumors is based on case reports and few retrospective case series. METHODS The present review summarizes the currently available literature on childhood spinal cord ependymomas. RESULTS Although overall survival rates are(More)
The prognosis of patients with incompletely resected malignant brain tumors is almost fatal. In an attempt to improve the outcome of children and young adults with unfavorable brain tumors an intensive multimodal therapeutic strategy was developed combining simultaneous (hyper)fractionated external beam irradiation and conventional adjuvant chemotherapy(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate feasibility and toxicity of bevacizumab (Avastin), a monoclonal antibody directed against the vascular endothelial growth factor in children and young adults. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifteen patients (male: n = 8; female: n = 7; median age, 14.6 years) received bevacizumab for recurrent or progressive solid(More)
BACKGROUND Especially in young children, primitive neuroectodermal tumors of the central nervous system (CNS-PNET) and pineoblastomas are associated with an unfavorable outcome, and only a few prospective trials have been conducted thus far. METHODS From January 2001 through January 2005, 17 eligible children aged <4 years with CNS-PNET not otherwise(More)
Marrow cells of myeloid lineage from 115 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) were characterized by multidimensional flow cytometry and compared with findings in 104 patients with various disorders and 25 healthy donors. Based on phenotypic and scatter characteristics, a flow cytometric scoring system (FCSS) was developed that allowed for a simple(More)
PURPOSE Clinical data on central nervous system (CNS) dissemination of high-grade gliomas (HGG) at initial presentation in children are rare. PATIENTS AND METHODS We conducted a retrospective data analysis of all patients enrolled into four consecutive HGG protocols of the Pediatric Oncology and Hematology Society of the German Language Group (GPOH) to(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to quantify the severity of late effects by a simple numerical score (late effects severity score, LESS) in patients who received radiochemotherapy for medulloblastoma or ependymoma. The LESS was correlated with neurocognitive and quality of life (QoL) outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS The LESS was calculated by assigning(More)
The eukaryotic translation initiation factor (eIF) 3a, the largest subunit of the eIF3 complex, is a key functional entity in ribosome establishment and translation initiation. In the past, aberrant eIF3a expression has been linked to the pathology of various cancer types but, so far, its expression has not been investigated in transitional cell carcinomas.(More)
In children, treatment regimen for high-grade gliomas (HGG) and diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPG) are generally not stratified according to disease stage. The hypothesis was that secondary disseminating disease (SDD) in children with HGG is related to an even worse outcome. Description of SDD pattern was performed. In total, 270 children with newly(More)