Martin Beaulieu

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Genetic polymorphisms occur in many of the drug metabolizing enzymes. However, the effect of polymorphisms in the genes encoding phase II drug metabolizing UDP-glucuronosyltransferases is still undescribed, despite the many reported cases of variations in glucuronidation activities. Characterization of the UGT2B15(Y85) cDNA, which was isolated from human(More)
Variations in glucuronidation activities among different individuals have been reported; however, genetic polymorphisms in the genes encoding phase II drug metabolizing UDP-glucuronosyltransferases have not been studied extensively. A novel UGT2B cDNA clone UGT2B4(E458) was isolated from human prostate and LNCaP cell cDNA libraries. The cDNA encoding(More)
To isolate cDNA clones encoding novel UGT2B enzymes, human prostate and LNCaP cell cDNA libraries were screened using a pool of steroid-specific UGT2B cDNA probes. In approximately 10(6) recombinants, we isolated 3 cDNA clones of 2.1 kilobases that encode a novel UGT2B enzyme. UGT2B17 is 95% identical with UGT2B15 and 91% identical with UGT2B8. Primary(More)
In recent years, the enzymes which are involved in the formation of DHT in steroid target tissues have been well investigated, however, enzymes responsible for the catabolism and elimination of steroids in these tissues, in particular the uridine diphospho-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) family of enzymes, have received much less attention. We have recently(More)
UGT2B17 is a UDP-glucuronosyltransferase enzyme expressed in several extrahepatic steroid target tissues, including the human prostate, where it glucuronidates C19 steroids such as dihydrotestosterone (DHT), androsterone (ADT), and androstane-3alpha, 17beta-diol (3alpha-diol). To determine if UGT2B17 is regulated by physiological effectors of the human(More)
Conjugation of compounds by glucuronidation is a pathway found in all vertebrates studied to date. Although, it is widely recognized that the liver is a major site of glucuronidation, it is now clear that extrahepatic tissues are also involved in the conjugation of compounds to which these tissues are exposed. High levels of androsterone glucuronide and(More)
Androhep Plus, a long-term extender (up to 7 days) and Beltsville Thawing Solution (BTS), a short-term extender (up to 3 days), are commonly used for liquid storage of porcine semen. To test the hypothesis that modifications in sperm viability, motility, chlortetracycline (CTC) fluorescence patterns, and protein tyrosine phosphorylation occur during semen(More)
Satellite nodules are considered to be predictive of poor prognosis in breast cancer and in melanoma. In lung cancer, there is no information as to their definition, prevalence, or implication as a prognosis factor of survival after resection. Over the past 18 years (1969 to 1987), 84 patients underwent pulmonary resection for primary lung cancer(More)
The structural features of laminarans and galactofucans extracted from the brown seaweed Saccharina longicruris were determined for four harvest periods (M05, A05, N05 and J06). Crude laminarans were purified and crude galactofucans were fractionated using DEAE Sepharose anion exchange chromatography with increasing levels of NaCl (0.5, 1 and 2 M). The(More)
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzymes belonging to the UGT2B subfamily catalyze the transfer of glucuronic acid to a large number of endogenous compounds, particularly steroids, to facilitate their elimination from target cells. A novel human UGT2B cDNA of 1666 bp was isolated and encodes a 529-amino acid protein named UGT2B28 type I. Glucuronidation(More)