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Suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS-3) is one member of a family of intracellular inhibitors of signaling pathways initiated by cytokines that use, among others, the common receptor subunit gp130. The SH2 domain of SOCS-3 has been shown to be essential for this inhibitory activity, and we have used a quantitative binding analysis of SOCS-3 to synthetic(More)
The suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS) family of proteins act as intracellular inhibitors of several cytokine signal transduction pathways. Their expression is induced by cytokine activation of the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway and they act as a negative feedback loop by subsequently inhibiting the(More)
SOCS-1 was originally identified as an inhibitor of interleukin-6 signal transduction and is a member of a family of proteins (SOCS-1 to SOCS-7 and CIS) that contain an SH2 domain and a conserved carboxyl-terminal SOCS box motif. Mutation studies have established that critical contributions from both the amino-terminal and SH2 domains are essential for(More)
The unique ability of photoactive proteins to capture and use energy from a photon of light depends on the chromophore, its linkage to the protein, and the surrounding protein environment. To understand the molecular mechanisms by which a chromophore and protein interact to undergo a light cycle, we are studying photoactive yellow protein (PYP), a 14-kDa(More)
XIAP is a mammalian inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP). To determine residues within the second baculoviral IAP repeat (BIR2) required for inhibition of caspase 3, we screened a library of BIR2 mutants for loss of the ability to inhibit caspase 3 toxicity in the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Four of the mutations, not predicted to affect the structure(More)
SOCS-1 (suppressor of cytokine signaling-1) is a representative of a family of negative regulators of cytokine signaling (SOCS-1 to SOCS-7 and CIS) characterized by a highly conserved C-terminal SOCS box preceded by an SH2 domain. This study comprehensively examined the ability of several SOCS family members to negatively regulate the gp130 signaling(More)