Martin Bäckdahl

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Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is an aggressive tumor showing frequent metastatic spread and poor survival. Although recent genome-wide studies of ACC have contributed to our understanding of the disease, major challenges remain for both diagnostic and prognostic assessments. The aim of this study was to identify specific microRNAs (miRNAs) associated with(More)
Pheochromocytomas and abdominal paragangliomas are rare, catecholamine-producing tumors that arise from the chromaffin cells derived from the neural crest. We used comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) to screen for copy number changes in 23 pheochromocytomas and 11 abdominal paragangliomas. The pattern of copy number changes was similar between(More)
The expression level of stromelysin-3 (ST3) mRNA was analyzed by in situ hybridization of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded primary breast-tumor samples from 76 patients. Digital image analysis of the dark-field in situ hybridization signal was used to measure the maximal level of ST3 expression in each tumor. All 55 invasive ductal carcinomas and 9 of 10(More)
CONTEXT Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas have a highly diverse genetic background, with a third of the cases carrying a germline mutation in 1 of 14 identified genes. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to evaluate next-generation sequencing for more efficient genetic testing of pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma and to establish germline and somatic mutation(More)
To identify chromosomal regions that may contain loci for tumor suppressor genes involved in adrenocortical tumor development, a panel of 60 tumors (39 carcinomas and 21 adenomas) were screened for loss of heterozygosity. Although the vast majority of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) were detected in the carcinomas and involved chromosomes 2, 4, 11, and 18,(More)
The differentiation between malignant and benign adrenocortical tumors is often difficult, and better markers are required. Because the genetic background of adrenocortical tumors is poorly characterized, we used comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) to screen for DNA sequence copy number changes in 8 sporadic primary adrenocortical cancers and 14(More)
Secretion of PTH is regulated by extracellular calcium via calcium receptors (CaR) on the parathyroid cell surface. Recent studies have shown a decreased expression of CaR messenger RNA (mRNA) and CaR protein in pathological parathyroids. We studied the expression of CaR mRNA in pairs of adenoma and adenoma-associated normal gland from the same patients (n(More)
The hereditary multiple endocrine neoplasia syndromes types 2A and B (MEN 2A and B) were recently linked to germline mutations in the RET proto-oncogene, altering one of five cysteine residues in exon 10 or 11 (MEN 2A), or substituting a methionine for a threonine at codon 918 in exon 16 (MEN 2B). The latter mutation also occurs somatically in some sporadic(More)
Pheochromocytomas are neuroendocrine tumors of the adrenal medulla which can occur either sporadically or in the context of hereditary tumor syndromes. Whereas the genetic background of hereditary pheochromocytomas is becoming rather well-defined, very little is known about the more common sporadic form of the disease which constitutes ∼70% of all cases. In(More)
The clinical and histopathological distinction between benign and malignant pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas is difficult, and reliable diagnostic markers are lacking. Here we have evaluated the prognostic value of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) gene expression detected by reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR); telomerase activity (TA)(More)