Martin Anlauf

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a Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin , Germany; b Service de Médecine Nucléaire et de Cancérologie Endocrinienne, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif , and c Service de Pathologie, Hôpital Beaujon, Clichy , France; d Department of Nuclear Medicine, Erasmus MC Rotterdam, Rotterdam(More)
The aim of this investigation was to identify the proportional neurochemical codes of enteric neurons and to determine the specific terminal fields of chemically defined nerve fibers in all parts of the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract. For this purpose, antibodies against the vesicular monoamine transporters (VMAT1/2), the vesicular acetylcholine(More)
The gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) are composed of cells with a neuroendocrine phenotype. Well-differentiated tumors, well-differentiated carcinomas, poorly differentiated carcinomas, functioning tumors (with a hormonal syndrome), and nonfunctioning tumors are identified. To predict their clinical behavior, these neuroendocrine(More)
BACKGROUND It is difficult to predict the biologic behavior of pancreatic endocrine tumors in absence of metastases or invasion into adjacent organs. The World Health Organization (WHO) has proposed in 2004 size, angioinvasion, mitotic activity, and MIB1 proliferation index as prognostic criteria. Our aim was to test retrospectively the predictive value of(More)
The uptake of monoamines into the secretory granules of monoamine-storing neuroendocrine cells is mediated by vesicular monoamine transporter protein 1 or 2 (VMAT1 or VMAT2). This study analyzed the expression of VMAT1 and VMAT2 in endocrine cells of normal human and monkey pancreas. The expression of VMAT1 and VMAT2 was also examined in infants with(More)
Gastrinomas are defined as gastrin secreting tumors that are associated with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES). ZES is characterized by elevated fasting gastrin serum levels, positive secretin stimulation test and clinical symptoms such as recurrent peptic ulcer disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease and occasional diarrhea. Genetically, nonhereditary(More)
Persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (PHH) in adults that is not caused by an insulinoma is a rare and not well-characterized disease that has been named nesidioblastosis. In this study, we defined and scrutinized criteria for its histologic diagnosis, assessed its relative incidence, and discussed its pathogenesis. In pancreatic specimens from 15 adult(More)
CONTEXT Pheochromocytomas (PHEOs) and paragangliomas (PGLs) may be better detected by (18)F-fluorodihydroxyphenylalanine-positron emission tomography (FDOPA-PET) than (123)I-metaiodobenzyl-guanidine (123-I-MIBG) scintigraphy. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to correlate functional imaging results with immunohistochemical, molecular-genetic, and(More)
The diffuse neuroendocrine cell gives rise to a heterogeneous population of tumours which differ in their morphological and functional features. The term 'carcinoid', although well established in medical terminology, is therefore no longer adequate to cover the entire spectrum of neuroendocrine neoplasms. Here we use the term neuroendocrine tumours (NET),(More)
Somatostatin-producing neuroendocrine tumors (SOM-NETs) of the duodenum and pancreas appear to be heterogeneous. To determine their clinicopathological profiles, respective data were analyzed on a series of 82 duodenal and 541 pancreatic NETs. In addition, the clinical records of 821 patients with duodenal or pancreatic NETs were reviewed for evidence of a(More)