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In order to measure muscle thickness and to define the muscular architecture at the gastroesophageal function, both en bloc fixation and a new method of preparing dried fiber specimens were used. Specimens were obtained from 32 kidney donors and human cadavers. Wall thickness was measured at 32 identical locations in the esophagus and stomach. The oblique(More)
In transhiatal blunt esophagectomy there is surprisingly little bleeding if no adjacent great vessels are torn. This prompted an investigation by new injection techniques and corrosion on the human esophageal vasculature three-dimensionally. The three main arterial sources were confirmed: the superior thyroid artery, bronchial arteries at the level of the(More)
In this paper we review a series of thirty-four intercondylar fractures of the distal end of the humerus that were treated by open reduction over a ten-year period. The fracture patterns were classified according to the system of Müller et al. and a strict rating scale incorporating subjective data, objective motion, and the functional status of the(More)