Martin A. Walsh

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Translation termination in eukaryotes is governed by two interacting release factors, eRF1 and eRF3. The crystal structure of the eEF1alpha-like region of eRF3 from S. pombe determined in three states (free protein, GDP-, and GTP-bound forms) reveals an overall structure that is similar to EF-Tu, although with quite different domain arrangements. In(More)
The Hippo signaling pathway controls cell growth, proliferation, and apoptosis by regulating the expression of target genes that execute these processes. Acting downstream from this pathway is the YAP transcriptional coactivator, whose biological function is mediated by the conserved TEAD family transcription factors. The interaction of YAP with TEADs is(More)
Pdcd4 is a tumour suppressor protein. It inhibits translation through interaction with translation initiator eIF4A, resulting in the suppression of neoplastic transformation and tumour invasion. Here, we present the crystal structures of an N-terminal-truncated Pdcd4 in free form and in complex with eIF4A. Upon binding to eIF4A, Pdcd4 undergoes a marked(More)
The human pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae expresses neuraminidase proteins that cleave sialic acids from complex carbohydrates. The pneumococcus genome encodes up to three neuraminidase proteins that have been shown to be important virulence factors. Here, we report the first structure of a neuraminidase from S. pneumoniae: the crystal structure of NanB(More)
A great challenge to biologists is to create proteins with novel folds and tailored functions. As an alternative to de novo protein design, we investigated the structure of a randomly generated protein targeted to bind ATP. The crystal structure reveals a novel alpha/beta fold bound to its ligand, representing both the first protein structure derived from(More)
The 19ID undulator beamline of the Structure Biology Center has been designed and built to take full advantage of the high flux, brilliance and quality of X-ray beams delivered by the Advanced Photon Source. The beamline optics are capable of delivering monochromatic X-rays with photon energies from 3.5 to 20 keV (3.5-0.6 A wavelength) with fluxes up to(More)
The human pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae is the major cause of bacterial meningitis, respiratory tract infection, septicemia, and otitis media. The bacterium expresses neuraminidase (NA) proteins that contribute to pathogenesis by cleaving sialic acids from host glycoconjugates, thereby enhancing biofilm formation and colonization. Recent in vivo(More)
We have determined the crystal structure of the core (C) protein from the Kunjin subtype of West Nile virus (WNV), closely related to the NY99 strain of WNV, currently a major health threat in the U.S. WNV is a member of the Flaviviridae family of enveloped RNA viruses that contains many important human pathogens. The C protein is associated with the RNA(More)
The catabolism of toxic phenols in the thermophilic organism Bacillus thermoglucosidasius A7 is initiated by a two-component enzyme system. The smaller flavin reductase PheA2 component catalyzes the NADH-dependent reduction of free FAD according to a ping-pong bisubstrate-biproduct mechanism. The reduced FAD is then used by the larger oxygenase component(More)
The diffusible signal factor (DSF)-dependent quorum sensing (QS) system adopts a novel protein-protein interaction mechanism to autoregulate the production of signal DSF. Here, we present the crystal structures of DSF synthase RpfF and its complex with the REC domain of sensor protein RpfC. RpfF is structurally similarity to the members of the crotonase(More)