Learn More
DNA methylation is important in cellular, developmental and disease processes, as well as in bacterial restriction-modification systems. Methylation of DNA at the amino groups of cytosine and adenine is a common mode of protection against restriction endonucleases afforded by the bacterial methyltransferases. The first structure of an N:6-adenine(More)
The Hippo signaling pathway controls cell growth, proliferation, and apoptosis by regulating the expression of target genes that execute these processes. Acting downstream from this pathway is the YAP transcriptional coactivator, whose biological function is mediated by the conserved TEAD family transcription factors. The interaction of YAP with TEADs is(More)
DNA methyltransferases (MTases) are sequence-specific enzymes which transfer a methyl group from S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet) to the amino group of either cytosine or adenine within a recognized DNA sequence. Methylation of a base in a specific DNA sequence protects DNA from nucleolytic cleavage by restriction enzymes recognizing the same DNA sequence.(More)
Translation termination in eukaryotes is governed by two interacting release factors, eRF1 and eRF3. The crystal structure of the eEF1alpha-like region of eRF3 from S. pombe determined in three states (free protein, GDP-, and GTP-bound forms) reveals an overall structure that is similar to EF-Tu, although with quite different domain arrangements. In(More)
Multiwavelength anomalous diffraction data were measured in 23 min from a 16 kDa selenomethionyl substituted protein, producing experimental phases to 2.25 A resolution. The data were collected on a mosaic 3 x 3 charge-coupled device using undulator radiation from the Structural Biology Center 19ID beamline at the Argonne National Laboratory's Advanced(More)
A great challenge to biologists is to create proteins with novel folds and tailored functions. As an alternative to de novo protein design, we investigated the structure of a randomly generated protein targeted to bind ATP. The crystal structure reveals a novel alpha/beta fold bound to its ligand, representing both the first protein structure derived from(More)
Kynurenic acid is an endogenous neuroactive compound whose unbalancing is involved in the pathogenesis and progression of several neurological diseases. Kynurenic acid synthesis in the human brain is sustained by the catalytic activity of two kynurenine aminotransferases, hKAT I and hKAT II. A wealth of pharmacological data highlight hKAT II as a sensible(More)
The diffusible signal factor (DSF)-dependent quorum sensing (QS) system adopts a novel protein-protein interaction mechanism to autoregulate the production of signal DSF. Here, we present the crystal structures of DSF synthase RpfF and its complex with the REC domain of sensor protein RpfC. RpfF is structurally similarity to the members of the crotonase(More)
BACKGROUND Cyanase is an enzyme found in bacteria and plants that catalyzes the reaction of cyanate with bicarbonate to produce ammonia and carbon dioxide. In Escherichia coli, cyanase is induced from the cyn operon in response to extracellular cyanate. The enzyme is functionally active as a homodecamer of 17 kDa subunits, and displays half-site binding of(More)
The human pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae is the major cause of bacterial meningitis, respiratory tract infection, septicemia, and otitis media. The bacterium expresses neuraminidase (NA) proteins that contribute to pathogenesis by cleaving sialic acids from host glycoconjugates, thereby enhancing biofilm formation and colonization. Recent in vivo(More)