Martin A. Schreiber

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Downregulation of E-cadherin is a crucial event for epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in embryonic development and cancer progression. Using the EpFosER mammary tumour model we show that during EMT, upregulation of the transcriptional regulator deltaEF1 coincided with transcriptional repression of E-cadherin. Ectopic expression of deltaEF1 in(More)
Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is implicated in the progression of primary tumours towards metastasis and is likely caused by a pathological activation of transcription factors regulating EMT in embryonic development. To analyse EMT-causing pathways in tumourigenesis, we identified transcriptional targets of the E-cadherin repressor ZEB1 in(More)
Bone metastases are a frequent complication of many cancers that result in severe disease burden and pain. Since the late nineteenth century, it has been thought that the microenvironment of the local host tissue actively participates in the propensity of certain cancers to metastasize to specific organs, and that bone provides an especially fertile 'soil'.(More)
John B. Holcomb, MD, FACS, Don Jenkins, MD, FACS, Peter Rhee, MD, FACS, Jay Johannigman, MD, FS, FACS, Peter Mahoney, FRCA, RAMC, Sumeru Mehta, MD, E. Darrin Cox, MD, FACS, Michael J. Gehrke, MD, Greg J. Beilman, MD, FACS, Martin Schreiber, MD, FACS, Stephen F. Flaherty, MD, FACS, Kurt W. Grathwohl, MD, Phillip C. Spinella, MD, Jeremy G. Perkins, MD, Alec(More)
The c-jun proto-oncogene encodes a component of the mitogen-inducible immediate-early transcription factor AP-1 and has been implicated as a positive regulator of cell proliferation and G1-to-S-phase progression. Here we report that fibroblasts derived from c-jun-/- mouse fetuses exhibit a severe proliferation defect and undergo a prolonged crisis before(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of blood component ratios in massive transfusion (MT), we hypothesized that increased use of plasma and platelet to red blood cell (RBC) ratios would result in decreased early hemorrhagic death and this benefit would be sustained over the ensuing hospitalization. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Civilian guidelines for massive(More)
BACKGROUND In trauma, most hemorrhagic deaths occur within the first 6 hours. This study examined the effect on survival of high ratios of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and platelets (PLTs) to packed red blood cells (PRBCs) in the first 6 hours. METHODS Records of 466 massive transfusion trauma patients (>or=10 U of PRBCs in 24 hours) at 16 level 1 trauma(More)
Erk/MAPK and TGFbeta signaling cause epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and metastasis in mouse mammary epithelial cells (EpH4) transformed with oncogenic Ras (EpRas). In trials to unravel underlying mechanisms, expression profiling for EMT-specific genes identified a secreted interleukin-related protein (ILEI), upregulated exclusively at the(More)
The Raf kinases play a key role in relaying signals elicited by mitogens or oncogenes. Here, we report that c-raf-1(-/-) embryos are growth retarded and die at midgestation with anomalies in the placenta and in the fetal liver. Although hepatoblast proliferation does not appear to be impaired, c-raf-1(-/-) fetal livers are hypocellular and contain numerous(More)
IMPORTANCE Severely injured patients experiencing hemorrhagic shock often require massive transfusion. Earlier transfusion with higher blood product ratios (plasma, platelets, and red blood cells), defined as damage control resuscitation, has been associated with improved outcomes; however, there have been no large multicenter clinical trials. OBJECTIVE(More)