Martin A. Schreiber

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R apid progress in trauma care occurs when the results of translational research are promptly integrated into clinical practice. Experience with a high volume of severely injured casualties expedites the process. 1 Historically, these conditions have converged during times of conflict, improving the care of combat casualties and subsequently that of(More)
To evaluate immediate effects of two different modes of acupuncture on motion-related pain and cervical spine mobility in chronic neck pain patients compared to a sham procedure. Thirty-six patients with chronic neck pain and limited cervical spine mobility participated in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled crossover trial. Every(More)
The American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma's Advanced Trauma Life Support Course is currently taught in 50 countries. The 8th edition has been revised following broad input by the International ATLS subcommittee. Graded levels of evidence were used to evaluate and approve changes to the course content. New materials related to principles of(More)
The effects of single or repeated administration of the racemic mixture of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA; 20 mg/kg, s.c.) on the number (Bmax) of serotonin (5-HT) uptake sites as determined by [3H]paroxetine binding and the concentration of 5-HT and its major metabolite, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), were measured in the frontal cortex and(More)
BACKGROUND The open abdomen has become a common procedure in the management of complex abdominal problems and has improved patient survival. The method of temporary abdominal closure (TAC) may play a role in patient outcome. METHODS A prospective, observational, open-label study was performed to evaluate two TAC techniques in surgical and trauma patients(More)
INTRODUCTION Pulmonary oedema and impairment of oxygenation are reported as common consequences of haemorrhagic shock and resuscitation (HSR). Surprisingly, there is little information in the literature examining differences in crystalloid type during the early phase of HSR regarding the development of pulmonary oedema, the impact on oxygenation and the(More)
BACKGROUND The BIG score (Admission base deficit (B), International normalized ratio (I), and Glasgow Coma Scale (G)) has been shown to predict mortality on admission in pediatric trauma patients. The objective of this study was to assess its performance in predicting mortality in an adult trauma population, and to compare it with the existing Trauma and(More)
Lactated Ringer's (LR) and normal saline (NS) are both used for resuscitation of injured patients. NS has been associated with increased resuscitation volume, blood loss, acidosis, and coagulopathy compared with LR. We sought to determine if pre-hospital LR is associated with improved outcome compared with NS in patients with and without traumatic brain(More)
INTRODUCTION Progression of traumatic intracranial hemorrhage (TICH) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Half of patients with TICH progression have normal traditional coagulation laboratory studies. We hypothesized that thromboelastography (TEG), which directly measures clot formation and strength, would predict progression of TICH, the(More)
Improving the treatment of trauma, a leading cause of death worldwide, is of great clinical and public health interest. This analysis introduces flexible statistical methods for estimating center-level effects on individual outcomes in the context of highly variable patient populations, such as those of the PRospective, Observational, Multi-center Major(More)