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The high-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channel (mSlo) plays a vital role in regulating calcium entry in many cell types. mSlo channels behave like voltage-dependent channels, but their voltage range of activity is set by intracellular free calcium. The mSlo subunit has two parts: a "core" resembling a subunit from a voltage-dependent K+ channel, and an(More)
Both intracellular calcium and voltage activate Slo1, a high-conductance potassium channel, linking calcium with electrical excitability. Using molecular techniques, we created a calcium-insensitive variant of this channel gated by voltage alone. Calcium sensitivity was restored by adding back small portions of the carboxyl (C)-terminal 'tail' domain. Two(More)
The L10P single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) is located in the signal sequence of the transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) gene. The proline-encoding (Pro-) allele of this SNP has been associated with an increased breast cancer risk, which has been attributed to the elevated secretion of this TGFβ1 variant observed in vitro and in male subjects. Here we(More)
Bone metastases are a frequent complication of many cancers that result in severe disease burden and pain. Since the late nineteenth century, it has been thought that the microenvironment of the local host tissue actively participates in the propensity of certain cancers to metastasize to specific organs, and that bone provides an especially fertile 'soil'.(More)
1. A low stringency polymerase chain reaction (PCR) homology screening procedure was used to probe a mouse liver cDNA library to identify novel inward rectifier K+ channel genes. A single gene (mLV1) was identified that exhibited extensive sequence homology with previously cloned inward rectifier K+ channel genes. The mLV1 gene showed greatest sequence(More)
BACKGROUND The Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway has been implicated in cell proliferation and apoptosis, but its function seems to depend on the cell type and inducing signal. In T cells, JNK has been implicated in both antigen-induced activation and apoptosis. RESULTS We generated mice lacking the JNK2 isozymes. The mutant mice were healthy(More)
R apid progress in trauma care occurs when the results of translational research are promptly integrated into clinical practice. Experience with a high volume of severely injured casualties expedites the process. 1 Historically, these conditions have converged during times of conflict, improving the care of combat casualties and subsequently that of(More)
The mammalian UV response results in rapid and dramatic induction of c-jun. Induction of a protooncogene, normally involved in mitogenic responses, by a genotoxic agent that causes growth arrest seems paradoxical. We now provide an explanation for the role of c-Jun in the UV response of mouse fibroblasts. c-Jun is necessary for cell-cycle reentry of(More)
To evaluate immediate effects of two different modes of acupuncture on motion-related pain and cervical spine mobility in chronic neck pain patients compared to a sham procedure. Thirty-six patients with chronic neck pain and limited cervical spine mobility participated in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled crossover trial. Every(More)