Martin A. Katzman

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Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is complex illness of unknown etiology. Among the broad range of symptoms, many patients report disturbances in the emotional realm, the most frequent of which is anxiety. Research shows that patients with CFS and other so-called functional somatic disorders have alterations in the intestinal microbial flora. Emerging studies(More)
Despite the major advances in the development of treatments for bulimia nervosa, drop-outs and a lack of engagement in treatment, continue to be problems. Recent studies suggest that the transtheoretical model of change may be applicable to bulimia nervosa. The aim of this study was to examine the roles of readiness to change and therapeutic alliance in(More)
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is an extremely complex and heterogeneous condition. Emerging research suggests that nutritional influences on MDD are currently underestimated. MDD patients have been shown to have elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, increased oxidative stress, altered gastrointestinal (GI) function, and lowered micronutrient and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder and to assess their detection rates in the Canadian primary care setting. METHOD The descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in 7 primary care clinics in 3 Canadian provinces, Ontario,(More)
The influence of single and multiple oral doses of ondansetron, a selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, was evaluated against placebo on cholecystokinin tetrapeptide (CCK-4)-induced behavioral and neuroendocrine changes in humans. As compared to placebo, subjects receiving acute ondansetron treatment showed a significant decrease in the sum intensity of(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of extended release quetiapine fumarate (quetiapine XR) as maintenance monotherapy for patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Time-to-event (anxiety symptom recurrence; maximum 52 weeks) multicenter, randomized-withdrawal, parallel-group, double-blind, placebo-controlled(More)
BACKGROUND Anxiety and related disorders are among the most common mental disorders, with lifetime prevalence reportedly as high as 31%. Unfortunately, anxiety disorders are under-diagnosed and under-treated. METHODS These guidelines were developed by Canadian experts in anxiety and related disorders through a consensus process. Data on the epidemiology,(More)
Klein (Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 50, 306-317, 1993) suggests that panic attacks are the result of a defective 'suffocation alarm' threshold that presents with carbon dioxide (CO(2)) hypersensitivity, exaggerated ventilatory response and panic in panic disorder (PD) patients. Serotonergic deficiencies enhance this ventilatory response in PD patients, as per(More)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a syndrome that most often presents in childhood. However, the condition is also relatively common in adults, with prevalence rates reaching 5% in the general population, with more than half the children affected by ADHD retaining the condition during their adult years. While the disorder in children is(More)
Recent findings have established a connection between inflammation and major depression and specifically the role of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in depression. This article reviews clinical and experimental studies examining the role of the HPA axis, HPA hyperactivity (resulting in increased cortisol levels), as well as the proinflammatory(More)