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BACKGROUND Infantile Krabbe's disease produces progressive neurologic deterioration and death in early childhood. We hypothesized that transplantation of umbilical-cord blood from unrelated donors before the development of symptoms would favorably alter the natural history of the disease among newborns in whom the disease was diagnosed because of a family(More)
BACKGROUND Renal-cell carcinoma (RCC) is a rare tumor in children. To address whether RCC in children differs from its adult counterpart, we report a series of 16 children with RCC (5 boys, 11 girls, mean age 9.6 years, range 3-19 years) presenting between 1979 and 1996 at three pediatric centers. PROCEDURE Pathology showed papillary RCC in five patients(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of pressure ulcers in varied populations, and whether demographic characteristics (age, gender, race) and primary diagnosis are factors in pressure ulcer development when the level of risk for developing ulcers is considered. To determine if there is a difference in the type of preventive services prescribed for persons(More)
BACKGROUND There have been no studies that have tested the Braden Scale for predictive validity and established cutoff points for assessing risk specific to different settings. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the predictive validity of the Braden Scale in a variety of settings (tertiary care hospitals, Veterans Administration Medical Centers [VAMCs], and skilled(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine dose-limiting toxicities and pharmacokinetics of imatinib in children with refractory or recurrent Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph(+)) leukemias. Oral imatinib was administered daily at dose levels ranging from 260 to 570 mg/m(2). Plasma pharmacokinetic studies were performed on days 1 and 8 of course 1. There(More)
Recent evidence indicates that bone-marrow-derived stromal cells (MSCs) have a histology coherent with endothelial cells that may enable them to contribute to tumor angiogenesis through yet undefined mechanisms. In this work, we investigated the angiogenic properties of murine MSCs involved in extracellular matrix degradation and in neovascularization that(More)
We currently calculate area under the busulfan concentration time curve (AUC) using 7 plasma busulfan concentrations (AUC7) drawn after the first of 16 i.v. busulfan doses given as a 2-hour infusion every 6 hours. The aim of this study was to develop and validate limited sampling strategies (LSSs) using 3 or fewer busulfan concentration values with which to(More)
BACKGROUND Imatinib mesylate (Gleevec) is a small molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved for use in the management of chronic myeloid leukemia in adults and children and in gastrointestinal stromal tumors in adults. Population pharmacokinetic (PPK) studies evaluating the effect of population covariates on the pharmacokinetics of imatinib and its active(More)
Busulfan (BU) is a key compound in conditioning myeloablative regimens for children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). There are wide interindividual differences in BU pharmacokinetics, which increase the risk of veno-occlusive disease, graft rejection and disease relapse. As BU is mainly metabolized by glutathione S-transferase(More)
We quantitatively analysed hypermethylation at CpG islands in the 5' ends of 12 genes and one non-CpG island 5' region (MTHFR) in 31 Wilms tumors. We also determined their global genomic 5-methylcytosine content. Compared with various normal postnatal tissues, approximately 40-90% of these pediatric kidney cancers were hypermethylated in four of the genes,(More)