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The FIN1 gene from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a basic protein with putative coiled-coil regions. Here we show that in large-budded cells a green fluorescent protein-Fin1 fusion protein is visible as a filament between the two spindle pole bodies. In resting cells the protein is undetectable, and in small-budded cells it is localized in the(More)
The 14-3-3 proteins constitute a family of conserved proteins present in all eukaryotic organisms so far investigated. These proteins have attracted interest because they are involved in important cellular processes such as signal transduction, cell-cycle control, apoptosis, stress response and malignant transformation and because at least 100 different(More)
Nucleocytoplasmic transport of proteins plays an important role in the regulation of many cellular processes. Differences in nucleocytoplasmic shuttling can provide a basis for isoform-specific biological functions for members of multigene families, like the 14-3-3 protein family. Many organisms contain multiple 14-3-3 isoforms, which play a role in(More)
Low micromolar, non-cytotoxic concentrations of cyclosporin A (CsA) strongly affected the replication of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV), human coronavirus 229E and mouse hepatitis virus in cell culture, as was evident from the strong inhibition of GFP reporter gene expression and a reduction of up to 4 logs in progeny titres. Upon(More)
14-3-3 proteins comprise a family of dimeric multi-functional proteins present in all eukaryotes, that are important in a whelm of ubiquitous biological processes. We have analyzed the genomic structure of all 14-3-3s from zebrafish comprising 11 genes and have analyzed their phylogeny. The gene family was cloned and its expression pattern in zebrafish(More)
The Gin protein of bacteriophage Mu mediates recombination between two inverted repeat sequences. Gin binds as a dimer to each of these recombination sites. We show that Gin is a dimer in solution also, and that the dimerization is probably stabilized by hydrophobic interactions between the subunits. The subunits of the dimer could efficiently be(More)
Programmed -1 ribosomal frameshifting (-1 PRF) is a widely used translational mechanism facilitating the expression of two polypeptides from a single mRNA. Commonly, the ribosome interacts with an mRNA secondary structure that promotes -1 frameshifting on a homopolymeric slippery sequence. Recently, we described an unusual -2 frameshifting (-2 PRF) signal(More)
SARS-coronavirus (SARS-CoV) replication and transcription are mediated by a replication/transcription complex (RTC) of which virus-encoded, non-structural proteins (nsps) are the primary constituents. The 16 SARS-CoV nsps are produced by autoprocessing of two large precursor polyproteins. The RTC is believed to be associated with characteristic(More)
We describe the utilization of a red fluorescent protein (DsRed) as an in vivo marker for Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Clones expressing red and/or green fluorescent proteins with both cytoplasmic and nuclear localization were obtained. A series of vectors are now available which can be used to create amino-terminal (N-terminal) and carboxyl-terminal(More)
UNLABELLED RIG-I is a cytosolic sensor critically involved in the activation of the innate immune response to RNA virus infection. In the present study, we evaluated the inhibitory effect of a RIG-I agonist on the replication of two emerging arthropod-borne viral pathogens, dengue virus (DENV) and chikungunya virus (CHIKV), for which no therapeutic options(More)