Martijn Briejer

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The novel enterokinetic drug prucalopride was tested at various intravenous and oral doses in fasted dogs to assess: (i) the effects on colonic contractile motility patterns; and (ii) the mediation of these effects by 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT4) receptors. Colonic motility patterns were assessed in conscious dogs with four chronically implanted strain-gauge(More)
5-HT4 receptors mediate relaxation of human colon circular muscle. However, after 5-HT4 receptor blockade (SB 204070 10 nM), 5-HT still induced a relaxation (pEC50 6.3). 5-HT4 receptors were sufficiently blocked, as the curves to 5-HT obtained in the presence of 10 and 100 nM SB 204070 were indistinguishable. This 5-HT-induced relaxation was(More)
The pathways and possible transmitters involved in the contractile response to selective 5-HT3 and 5-HT4 receptor stimulation in the guinea-pig proximal colon were studied. In the presence of methysergide, 5-HT induced contractions, yielding a biphasic concentration-response curve that was changed into a monophasic curve in the presence of the 5-HT3(More)
This study aimed to characterize for the first time in vitro 5-HT4 receptors in the canine gastrointestinal tract. For this purpose, we used circular muscle strips of the canine isolated rectum. In the presence of methysergide (60 microM), 5-HT induced relaxation of methacholine (1 microM)-precontracted muscle strips, yielding a monophasic sigmoidal(More)
1. Although conscious dogs have often been used for colonic motility studies with 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), the effects of 5-HT on the isolated colon have not been thoroughly characterized yet. The current study was undertaken to characterize the response to 5-HT of the canine isolated colon longitudinal muscle. 2. Longitudinal strips of canine midcolon(More)
The 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptor(s) that mediate(s) contraction of the rat ileum longitudinal muscle was studied. 5-HT and alpha-methyl-5-HT equipotently induced contractions, whereas 5-methoxytryptamine and 2-methyl-5-HT (partial agonist) were less potent; this rank order of potency suggests involvement of a 5-HT2 receptor. Neither tetrodotoxin nor(More)
Energy-efficient dynamic branch predictors are proposed for the Cell SPE, which normally depends on compiler-inserted hint instructions to predict branches. All designed schemes use a Branch Target Buffer (BTB) to store the branch target address and the prediction, which is computed using a bimodal counter. One prediction scheme pre-decodes instructions(More)
The motor effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT; serotonin) on the guinea-pig isolated proximal colon were studied and analyzed. A classical organ bath setup was used to measure the longitudinal muscle responses isotonically. 5-Hydroxytryptamine induced concentration-dependent contractions which were preceded by relaxations at low concentrations. By means of(More)