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Recently, it was demonstrated that 5-HT induces relaxation of human colon circular muscle through activation of 5-HT(4) receptors and 5-HT(7) receptors. The aim of the current study was to develop a new in vitro bioassay of human colon that would facilitate the pharmacological analysis of 5-HT responses mediated solely by 5-HT(4) receptors. Contracting(More)
1. In the guinea-pig colon ascendens, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) induces contractions, mediated by 5-HT2, 5-HT3 and 5-HT4 receptors, and relaxations, through a 5-HT1 receptor subtype, that triggers the release of an inhibitory neurotransmitter. Nitric oxide (NO) is one of the main candidates of NANC inhibitory neurotransmission in the gut. The aim of this(More)
The novel enterokinetic drug prucalopride was tested at various intravenous and oral doses in fasted dogs to assess: (i) the effects on colonic contractile motility patterns; and (ii) the mediation of these effects by 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT4) receptors. Colonic motility patterns were assessed in conscious dogs with four chronically implanted strain-gauge(More)
Prucalopride is a novel enterokinetic compound and is the first representative of the benzofuran class. We set out to establish its pharmacological profile in various receptor binding and organ bath experiments. Receptor binding data have demonstrated prucalopride's high affinity to both investigated 5-HT(4) receptor isoforms, with mean pK(i) estimates of(More)
5-HT4 receptors mediate relaxation of human colon circular muscle. However, after 5-HT4 receptor blockade (SB 204070 10 nM), 5-HT still induced a relaxation (pEC50 6.3). 5-HT4 receptors were sufficiently blocked, as the curves to 5-HT obtained in the presence of 10 and 100 nM SB 204070 were indistinguishable. This 5-HT-induced relaxation was(More)
The pathways and possible transmitters involved in the contractile response to selective 5-HT3 and 5-HT4 receptor stimulation in the guinea-pig proximal colon were studied. In the presence of methysergide, 5-HT induced contractions, yielding a biphasic concentration-response curve that was changed into a monophasic curve in the presence of the 5-HT3(More)
The precise abnormalities of colonic motility patterns in idiopathic constipation, and the alterations at the cellular, neural, myogenic and biochemical levels that underlie these patterns, are not yet understood. One promising approach in the treatment of constipation seems to be to design drugs that can stimulate GMCs to produce mass movements and(More)
1. Although conscious dogs have often been used for colonic motility studies with 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), the effects of 5-HT on the isolated colon have not been thoroughly characterized yet. The current study was undertaken to characterize the response to 5-HT of the canine isolated colon longitudinal muscle. 2. Longitudinal strips of canine midcolon(More)
The 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptor(s) that mediate(s) contraction of the rat ileum longitudinal muscle was studied. 5-HT and alpha-methyl-5-HT equipotently induced contractions, whereas 5-methoxytryptamine and 2-methyl-5-HT (partial agonist) were less potent; this rank order of potency suggests involvement of a 5-HT2 receptor. Neither tetrodotoxin nor(More)