Martijn A. Spruit

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BACKGROUND Pulmonary rehabilitation is recognized as a core component of the management of individuals with chronic respiratory disease. Since the 2006 American Thoracic Society (ATS)/European Respiratory Society (ERS) Statement on Pulmonary Rehabilitation, there has been considerable growth in our knowledge of its efficacy and scope. PURPOSE The purpose(More)
Quantification of physical activities in daily life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease has increasing clinical interest. However, detailed comparison with healthy subjects is not available. Furthermore, it is unknown whether time spent actively during daily life is related to lung function, muscle force, or maximal and functional(More)
RATIONALE Comorbidities contribute to disease severity and mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Comorbidities have been studied individually and were mostly based on self-reports. The coexistence of objectively identified comorbidities and the role of low-grade systemic inflammation in the pathophysiology of COPD remain(More)
Accurate assessment of the amount and intensity of physical activity in daily life is considered very important due to the close relationship between physical activity level, health, disability and mortality. For this reason, assessment of physical activity in daily life has gained interest in recent years, especially in sedentary populations, such as(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is often associated with peripheral muscle weakness, which is caused by several factors. Acute exacerbations may contribute, but their impact on muscle force remains unclear. Correlations between peripheral muscle force and inflammatory and anabolic markers have never been studied in COPD. The effect(More)
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are at increased risk of osteoporosis. However, the prevalence, correlates and effectiveness of treatment of osteoporosis in COPD patients remain unclear. We performed a systematic review of the literature to answer three questions. 1) What is the prevalence of osteoporosis in COPD? 2) What are(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the degree of agreement between different methods of assessing physical activities in daily life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): video recordings (criterion standard), the DynaPort Activity Monitor (DAM), and patient self-report. DESIGN Study A: outcomes from video recordings were compared with DAM(More)
OBJECTIVE To systematically review the efficacy of advance care planning (ACP) interventions in different adult patient populations. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analyses. DATA SOURCES Medline/PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (1966 to September 2013), and reference lists. STUDY SELECTION Randomized controlled trials that(More)
RATIONALE Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients are at increased risk of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is under diagnosed and under treated in these patients and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. To date, screening recommendations for osteoporosis in COPD patients are not available. OBJECTIVES To examine the prevalence of drug(More)
Quadriceps strength relates to exercise capacity and prognosis in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We wanted to quantify the prevalence of quadriceps weakness in COPD and hypothesised that it would not be restricted to patients with severe airflow obstruction or dyspnoea. Predicted quadriceps strength was calculated using a regression equation(More)