Martial Renard

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We have previously demonstrated that the envelope proteins of a murine and primate retrovirus are immunosuppressive in vivo. This property was manifested by the ability of the proteins, when expressed by allogeneic tumor cells normally rejected by engrafted mice, to have the env-expressing cells escape (at least transiently) immune rejection. Here, we(More)
Tumor development is a multistep process in which both genetic and epigenetic events cooperate for the emergence of a malignant clone. The possibility that endogenous retroviruses promote the expansion of a neoplastic clone by subverting immune surveillance has been proposed, but remained elusive. Here we show that knocking down-by RNA interference-an(More)
We previously delineated a highly conserved immunosuppressive (IS) domain within murine and primate retroviral envelope proteins (Envs). The envelope-mediated immunosuppression was manifested by the ability of the proteins, when expressed by allogeneic tumor cells normally rejected by engrafted mice, to allow these cells to escape, at least transiently,(More)
HERV-FRD is a human endogenous retrovirus that entered the human genome 40 million years ago. Its envelope gene, syncytin-2, was diverted by an ancestral host most probably because of its fusogenic property, for a role in placenta morphogenesis. It was maintained in a functional state in all primate branches as a bona fide cellular gene, submitted to a very(More)
Calli of soybean (Glycine max Merr.) cv. Maple Arrow grew better and accumulated more proline when cultured for 5 d on 70 mM NaCl under darkness than at light. This rapid proline accumulation in salinized soybean calli appeared to play a protective role rather than to be a cause of growth failure. Throughout a 28 d-culture cycle (in control and NaCl-treated(More)
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