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Premature lactic acidosis during exercise in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may play a role in exercise intolerance. In this study, we evaluated whether the early exercise-induced lactic acidosis in these individuals can be explained by changes in peripheral O2 delivery (O2). Measurements of leg blood flow by thermodilution and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the pharmacokinetics of enrofloxacin in adult horses. DESIGN 2-dose oral and i.v. cross-over trial followed by multiple oral doses. ANIMALS 8 clinically normal adult horses. PROCEDURE Enrofloxacin was administered at dosages of 2.5 mg/kg of body weight to 4 horses and 5.0 mg/kg to 4 other horses. Each dose was given by the(More)
BACKGROUND Enzymatic and histochemical abnormalities of the peripheral muscle may play a role in exercise intolerance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A study was undertaken to measure the mitochondrial enzyme activity of the vastus lateralis muscle in patients with COPD and to evaluate the relationship between enzyme(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms through which neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) training may improve limb muscle function and exercise tolerance in COPD are poorly understood. We investigated the functional and muscular effects of NMES in advanced COPD. METHODS Twenty of 22 patients with COPD were randomly assigned to NMES (n = 12) or sham (n = 8)(More)
PURPOSE To quantify the effects of acute oxygen supplementation on lower limb blood flow (QLEG), O2 delivery (QO2LEG), and O2 uptake (VO2LEG) during exercise and to determine whether the metabolic capacity of the lower limb is exhausted at peak exercise during room air breathing in patients with COPD. METHODS Oxygen (FIO2 = 0.75) and air were randomly(More)
RATIONALE Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) of the lower limbs is an emerging training strategy in patients with COPD. The efficacy of this technique is related to the intensity of the stimulation that is applied during the training sessions. However, little is known about tolerance to stimulation current intensity and physiological factors that(More)