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The alkane-assimilating yeast Yarrowia lipolytica degrades very efficiently hydrophobic substrates such as n-alkanes, fatty acids, fats and oils for which it has specific metabolic pathways. An overview of the oxidative degradation pathways for alkanes and triglycerides in Y. lipolytica is given, with new insights arising from the recent genome sequencing(More)
CYP153A6 is a well-studied terminal alkane hydroxylase which has previously been expressed in Pseudomonas putida and Escherichia coli by using the pCom8 plasmid. In this study, CYP153A6 was successfully expressed in E. coli BL21(DE3) by cloning the complete operon from Mycobacterium sp. HXN-1500, also encoding the ferredoxin reductase and ferredoxin, into(More)
BACKGROUND Biocatalyst improvement through molecular and recombinant means should be complemented with efficient process design to facilitate process feasibility and improve process economics. This study focused on understanding the bioprocess limitations to identify factors that impact the expression of the terminal hydroxylase CYP153A6 and also influence(More)
The feasibility of using a single vector to clone a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase (P450) in different yeasts and then compare whole-cell hydroxylase activity was investigated. A broad-range yeast expression vector using the ylTEFp to drive expression of the cloned gene and the scTEFp to drive the hygromycin resistance marker gene was used to clone the genes(More)
Cytochromes P450 constitute a superfamily of haem-thiolate mono-oxygenases that are involved in the oxidative metabolism of lipophilic subtrates. These enzymes require association with cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR) to achieve optimal activities. We have expressed human cytochrome P450 CYP1A1 under the POX2 promoter (pPOX2-CYP1A1) in Y. lipolytica, with or(More)
Recent rDNA sequencing of 25 isolates from a previous study, during which limonene-utilizing yeasts were isolated from monoterpene-rich environments by using 1,4-disubstituted cyclohexanes as sole carbon sources, led to the identification of four hitherto unknown Rhodotorula species. Analyses of the 26S rDNA D1/D2 region as well as the internal transcribed(More)
It was discovered that the addition of 10 g/l acetate to a medium containing 30 g/l sunflower oil caused a drastic increase in citric acid production by Yarrowia lipolytica UOFS Y-1701 i.e. from 0.5 g/l in the absence of acetate to 18.7 g/l in the presence of acetate. Similarly, the ratio of citric acid:isocitric acid increased significantly from 1.7:1 in(More)
alpha,omega-Dicarboxylic acid accumulation from alkanes and alkane degradation intermediates was investigated using Yarrowia lipolytica wild type strain W29 as well as a double, a triple and a quadruple POX-deleted strains. Six genes, POX1 through POX6, encode six acyl-CoA oxidase isozymes in Y. lipolytica. All the strains accumulated dodecanedioic acid(More)
During a search for yeasts that hydroxylate monoterpenes, four yeast strains were isolated from soil and plant residue in monoterpene-rich environments using enrichment techniques with cyclohexanedioic acid or cyclohexanedimethanol as sole carbon source. These strains were able to utilize (+)-limonene supplied as a vapor as only carbon source. The yeasts(More)
CYP102A1 is an efficient medium- to long-chain fatty acid hydroxylase that is able to accept a wide range of non-natural substrates which bear no resemblance to the natural ones. 4-Hexylbenzoic acid (HBA) and 4-nonyloxybenzoic acid (NOBA) were identified as CYP102A1 substrates via screening studies using the BD Oxygen Biosensor System. Spectroscopic binding(More)