Martha Sophia Smit

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The alkane-assimilating yeast Yarrowia lipolytica degrades very efficiently hydrophobic substrates such as n-alkanes, fatty acids, fats and oils for which it has specific metabolic pathways. An overview of the oxidative degradation pathways for alkanes and triglycerides in Y. lipolytica is given, with new insights arising from the recent genome sequencing(More)
Cytochromes P450 constitute a superfamily of haem-thiolate mono-oxygenases that are involved in the oxidative metabolism of lipophilic subtrates. These enzymes require association with cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR) to achieve optimal activities. We have expressed human cytochrome P450 CYP1A1 under the POX2 promoter (pPOX2-CYP1A1) in Y. lipolytica, with or(More)
Epoxide hydrolases are useful catalysts for the hydrolytic kinetic resolution of epoxides, which are sought after intermediates for the synthesis of enantiopure fine chemicals. The epoxide hydrolases from Aspergillus niger and from the basidiomycetous yeasts Rhodotorula glutinis and Rhodosporidium toruloides have demonstrated potential as versatile, user(More)
CYP153A6 is a well-studied terminal alkane hydroxylase which has previously been expressed in Pseudomonas putida and Escherichia coli by using the pCom8 plasmid. In this study, CYP153A6 was successfully expressed in E. coli BL21(DE3) by cloning the complete operon from Mycobacterium sp. HXN-1500, also encoding the ferredoxin reductase and ferredoxin, into(More)
α,ω-Dicarboxylic acid accumulation from alkanes and alkane degradation intermediates was investigated using Yarrowia lipolytica wild type strain W29 as well as a double, a triple and a quadruple POX-deleted strains. Six genes, POX1 through POX6, encode six acyl-CoA oxidase isozymes in Y. lipolytica. All the strains accumulated dodecanedioic acid (5–20 mg(More)
Candida apicola belongs to a group of yeasts producing surface-active glycolipids consisting of sophorose and long-chain (ω)- or (ω-1)-hydroxy fatty acids. Hydroxylation of the fatty acids in this strain is likely catalyzed by cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450), which require reducing equivalents delivered via a cytochrome P450-diflavin reductase (CPR).(More)
Recent rDNA sequencing of 25 isolates from a previous study, during which limonene-utilizing yeasts were isolated from monoterpene-rich environments by using 1,4-disubstituted cyclohexanes as sole carbon sources, led to the identification of four hitherto unknown Rhodotorula species. Analyses of the 26S rDNA D1/D2 region as well as the internal transcribed(More)
BACKGROUND Biocatalyst improvement through molecular and recombinant means should be complemented with efficient process design to facilitate process feasibility and improve process economics. This study focused on understanding the bioprocess limitations to identify factors that impact the expression of the terminal hydroxylase CYP153A6 and also influence(More)
During a search for yeasts that hydroxylate monoterpenes, four yeast strains were isolated from soil and plant residue in monoterpene-rich environments using enrichment techniques with cyclohexanedioic acid or cyclohexanedimethanol as sole carbon source. These strains were able to utilize (+)-limonene supplied as a vapor as only carbon source. The yeasts(More)
Cycloheximide (CYH) is a heterocyclic, glutarimide antibiotic that is a potent inhibitor of protein biosynthesis in most eukaryotes. This study demonstrated that yeasts from all species of the Lipomycetaceae, with the exception of Dipodascopsis spp., can grow in the presence of up to 5 g.L(-1) CYH -- a concentration that is five times higher than the(More)