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Targeted T cell immunotherapies using engineered T lymphocytes expressing tumor-directed chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) are designed to benefit patients with cancer. Although incorporation of costimulatory endodomains within these CARs increases the proliferation of CAR-redirected T lymphocytes, it has proven difficult to draw definitive conclusions(More)
In the last few years, the field of iron metabolism has exploded with the discovery of many new proteins including ferroportin, hephaestin, hepcidin, duodenal cytochrome b and the topic of this review, divalent metal ion transporter 1 (DMT1). DMT1 functions in transport of ferrous iron, and some, but not all divalent metal ions across the plasma membrane(More)
To develop a nonviral gene delivery system for treatment of diseases, our strategy is to construct DNA complexes with short synthetic peptides that mimic the functions of viral proteins. We have designed and synthesized two peptides which emulate viral functions - a DNA condensing agent, YKAK(8)WK, and an amphipathic, pH-dependent endosomal releasing agent,(More)
The cancer testis antigen (CTA) preferentially expressed antigen of melanoma (PRAME) is overexpressed in many hematologic malignancies, including chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). The sensitivity of CML to donor lymphocyte infusion after allogeneic stem cell transplantation suggests this tumor can be highly susceptible to cellular immunotherapy targeted to(More)
Divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1) is a transmembrane protein crucial for duodenal iron absorption and erythroid iron transport. DMT1 function has been elucidated largely in studies of the mk mouse and the Belgrade rat, which have an identical single nucleotide mutation of this gene that affects protein processing, stability, and function. These animals(More)
This study describes the preparation, purification, and characterization of a cholesteryl oleate/dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine microemulsion as a model for the interaction of lipid domains in cholesteryl ester rich very low density lipoproteins. These lipids were chosen specifically because their thermal transitions were distinct from each other, and their(More)
13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy has been used to study triglyceride metabolism in 3T3-L1 cells incubated with [1-13/14C] acetate, myristate, palmitate, stearate, or oleate. Labeled cells embedded in agarose filaments were perfused in a specially fitted NMR tube within the spectrometer magnet. Incubation of 3T3-L1 cells with a specific fatty acid(More)
BACKGROUND Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a life-threatening disease resulting in systemic microvascular thrombosis. The disease is caused by excessive platelet (PLT) adhesion to ultra-large (UL) von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimers inadequately cleaved by the processing enzyme ADAMTS-13. While many cases respond to plasma exchange performed(More)
Iron overload presenting as exacerbation of hepatic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has not been previously described. We report 6 patients with established hepatic GVHD in whom iron overload (median serum ferritin, 7231 mug/dL; median transferrin saturation, 77%) resulting from a lifetime median of(More)
Clofarabine and cytarabine target different steps in DNA synthesis and replication, are synergistic in vivo, and have non-overlapping toxicities, making this combination a potentially promising treatment for acute lymphocytic leukaemia. Thirty-seven patients were treated. The median age was 41 years, 44% of patients were either in ≥2nd relapse or had(More)