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The location of the cytotoxic reactive oxygen metabolite hydrogen peroxide was investigated ultracytochemically in broiler chickens which had been reared at sea level and had spontaneous hypoxia-induced ascites syndrome. In the ascitic birds the activity was located within the mitochondrial matrices of the cardiomyocytes, whereas in flock-mate control birds(More)
Ultrathin epoxy sections are commonly used in electron microscopy. More useful information can often be obtained by examining thicker 0.5--3.0 micron) resin sections under the light microscope. However, there are some histological stains that are unable to penetrate these resins. This short note describes the easy and rapid preparation of two resin-removal(More)
1. Female broiler breeders were fed ad libitum or a restricted quantity of food to achieve either a recommended body weight curve or a modified (linear) growth curve that allowed more generous feeding between 6 and 15 weeks of age. The birds were fed a ration containing either a normal or low concentration of crude protein. The welfare of the birds was(More)
1. White blood cells and thrombocyte values were examined in normal domestic fowls of layer and broiler strains fed restricted or ad libitum diets. 2. Basophils were the only white blood cells to increase significantly in number after the period of food restriction. It is suggested that the increase may have been associated with stress. 3. There were more(More)
In the present investigation, the haematology and pathology of young broiler chicks with an ascitic syndrome were examined. Gross changes included cardiomegaly, ascites, congested lungs, shrunken livers, enlarged kidneys, dark breast muscle and congested intestines. Many blood parameters were significantly raised including the packed cell volume (PCV),(More)
Dimethyl disulphide, a breakdown product of the amino acid S-methylcysteine sulphoxide present in high concentrations in the Brassica family, was fed to a group of adult fowls and the effects were studied haematologically and ultrastructurally. By the seventh day of the experiment Heinz bodies had appeared in most of the red blood cells and between the(More)
1. Male and female broiler chickens of a pure line were selected over one generation for low or high plasma, cardiac-derived troponin T concentrations at 12 h of age. 2. Heritability of plasma troponin T was moderately high (h2 = 0.38 +/- 0.06), and there was no difference in mean body weights of parents (G0) of the 2 lines at 4 and 19 weeks of age. 3. This(More)
A series of experiments is described in which attempts were made to produce an avian eosinophilia using various agents. Although none of the experiments was decisive, two demonstrated a slight rise in the eosinophil counts. In one experiment horse serum was injected into a group of fowls on alternate days for 42 days. No eosinophils were seen in any blood(More)
1. An assessment was made of the potential pain and stress from musculo-skeletal disease at 54 weeks of age in large male-line turkeys fed ad libitum or on restricted amounts of food. Males from traditional turkey lines were used as a negative control. 2. Traditional turkeys were fed ad libitum and male-line turkeys were fed ad libitum or restricted to 0.5(More)