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A homology model of the dopamine D2 receptor was constructed based on the crystal structure of rhodopsin. A putative sodium-binding pocket identified in an earlier model (PDB ) was revised. It is now defined by Asn-419 backbone oxygen at the apex of a pyramid and Asp-80, Ser-121, Asn-419, and Ser-420 at each vertex of the planar base. Asn-423 stabilizes(More)
  • M M Teeter
  • 1984
The water structure has been analyzed for a model of the protein crambin refined against 0.945-A x-ray diffraction data. Crystals contain 32% solvent by volume, and 77% of the solvent molecules have been located-i.e., 2 ethanol molecules and 64 water molecules with 10-14 alternate positions. Many water oxygen atoms found form chains between polar groups on(More)
The crystal structure of the light-harvesting protein phycocyanin from the cyanobacterium Cyanidium caldarium with novel crystal packing has been solved at 1.65-A resolution. The structure has been refined to an R value of 18.3% with excellent backbone and side-chain stereochemical parameters. In crystals of phycocyanin used in this study, the hexamers are(More)
The three-dimensional structure of alpha(1)-purothionin (alpha(1)-PT), a wheat-germ protein and a basic lytic toxin, was previously solved by molecular-replacement methods using an energy-minimized predicted model and refined to an R-factor of 21.6% [Teeter, Ma, Rao & Whitlow (1990). Proteins Struct. Funct. Genet. 8, 118-1321. Some deficiencies of the model(More)
To enhance the already high quality of diffraction data for crystals of the hydrophobic protein crambin, X-ray data were collected at 130 K by the method of H. Hope to 0.83 A resolution. Refinement with PROLSQ yields a model with an R value of 10.5%. The final model had three parameter anisotropic vibration factors for all atoms, which included 367 protein(More)
The charge density distribution of a protein has been refined experimentally. Diffraction data for a crambin crystal were measured to ultra-high resolution (0.54 A) at low temperature by using short-wavelength synchrotron radiation. The crystal structure was refined with a model for charged, nonspherical, multipolar atoms to accurately describe the(More)
Diverse biochemical and biophysical experiments indicate that all proteins, regardless of size or origin, undergo a dynamic transition near 200 K. The cause of this shift in dynamic behavior, termed a "glass transition," and its relation to protein function are important open questions. One explanation postulated for the transition is solidification of(More)
Crambin, a hydrophobic plant seed protein, consists of a single chain of 46 amino acids with a calculated molecular weight of 4720. The primary structure was determined by using solid-phase sequencing techniques and was confirmed through X-ray crystallographic analysis of the protein at 1.5-A resolution [Hendrickson, W. A., & Teeter, M. M. (1981) Nature(More)
The high resolution crystal structure of crambin has been based on the crystals containing two sequence forms (the mixed form). Here, we report the crystal structure of the sequence isomer having Pro and Leu at residues 22 and 25 (the PL form). This elimination of the sequence heterogeneity resulted in a simpler structure which permits a more accurate(More)