Learn More
The influence of lead selection on QT estimation in the 12-lead electrocardiogram was assessed in 63 patients (21 control subjects, 21 with anterior myocardial infarction, 21 with inferior myocardial infarction). QT estimates varied between leads. The variation was greater in patients with myocardial infarction than in control subjects (mean dispersion of(More)
A t(14;18) chromosomal translocation is found in approximately 85% of follicular lymphomas by both cytogenetic and molecular analyses. This rearrangement deregulates expression of the bcl-2 proto-oncogene by translocation into the immuno-globulin heavy chain locus and is probably mediated by illegitimate V(D)J recombination. We have developed a quantitative(More)
An updated review of the genotoxicity studies with acrylamide is provided. Then, using data from the studies generating quantitative information concerning heritability of genetic effects, an assessment of the heritable genetic risk presented by acrylamide is presented. The review offers a discussion of the reactions and possible mechanisms of genotoxic(More)
The disinfection of water, required to make it safe for human consumption, leads to the presence of halogenated organic compounds. Three of these carcinogenic 'disinfection by-products', dichloroacetic acid (DCA), trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and chloral hydrate (CH) have been widely evaluated for their potential toxicity. The mechanism(s) by which they exert(More)
The present study was designed to determine and compare the clastogenicity of m-AMSA and camptothecin (CAMP) in vivo in mouse bone marrow and peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs), and in vitro in mouse lymphoma L5178Y cells. m-AMSA interferes with topoisomerase II to induce double-strand DNA breaks. CAMP interferes with topoisomerase I to induce(More)
This article addresses the evidence that trichloroethylene (TCE) or its metabolites might mediate tumor formation via a mutagenic mode of action. We review and draw conclusions from the published mutagenicity and genotoxicity information for TCE and its metabolites, chloral hydrate (CH), dichloroacetic acid (DCA), trichloroacetic acid (TCA),(More)
Children are generally more sensitive to toxicants than adults, including an increased sensitivity to genotoxic carcinogens. We previously demonstrated that neonatal mice are also more sensitive to the mutagenic effects of the direct alkylating agents N-ethyl-N-nitrosoamine and the arylamine 4-aminobiphenyl than adult mice. In this study, we have evaluated(More)
Arsenic is one of the few identified human carcinogens that has yet to be shown to cause cancer in rodents when the standard bioassay protocols are used. The reasons for this apparent interspecies difference are unclear but may be related to differences between humans and rodents in their detoxification capabilities. Detoxification of arsenic may occur(More)
OPP: This paper provides the rationale and support for the decisions the OPP will make in requiring and reviewing mutagenicity information. The regulatory requirement for mutagenicity testing to support a pesticide registration is found in the 40 CFR Part 158. The guidance as to the specific mutagenicity testing to be performed is found in the OPP's(More)
The L5178Y/TK+/- leads to TK-/- mouse lymphoma mutagen assay, which allows selection of forward mutations at the autosomal thymidine kinase (TK) locus, uses a TK+/- heterozygous cell line, TK+/- 3.7.2C. Quantitation of colonies of mutant TK-/- cells in the assay forms the basis for calculations of mutagenic potential of test compounds. We have evaluated the(More)