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An updated review of the genotoxicity studies with acrylamide is provided. Then, using data from the studies generating quantitative information concerning heritability of genetic effects, an assessment of the heritable genetic risk presented by acrylamide is presented. The review offers a discussion of the reactions and possible mechanisms of genotoxic(More)
The present study was designed to determine and compare the clastogenicity of m-AMSA and camptothecin (CAMP) in vivo in mouse bone marrow and peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs), and in vitro in mouse lymphoma L5178Y cells. m-AMSA interferes with topoisomerase II to induce double-strand DNA breaks. CAMP interferes with topoisomerase I to induce(More)
OPP: This paper provides the rationale and support for the decisions the OPP will make in requiring and reviewing mutagenicity information. The regulatory requirement for mutagenicity testing to support a pesticide registration is found in the 40 CFR Part 158. The guidance as to the specific mutagenicity testing to be performed is found in the OPP's(More)
A t(14;18) chromosomal translocation is found in approximately 85% of follicular lymphomas by both cytogenetic and molecular analyses. This rearrangement deregulates expression of the bcl-2 proto-oncogene by translocation into the immuno-globulin heavy chain locus and is probably mediated by illegitimate V(D)J recombination. We have developed a quantitative(More)
The disinfection of water, required to make it safe for human consumption, leads to the presence of halogenated organic compounds. Three of these carcinogenic 'disinfection by-products', dichloroacetic acid (DCA), trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and chloral hydrate (CH) have been widely evaluated for their potential toxicity. The mechanism(s) by which they exert(More)
A series of monomeric acrylate/methacrylate esters (methyl acrylate, ethyl acrylate, methyl methacrylate, and ethyl methacrylate) as well as acrylic acid were examined for genotoxic activity in L5178Y mouse lymphoma cells without exogenous activation. All five compounds induced concentration-dependent increases in mutant frequency. Small-colony,(More)
In testing the hypothesis that the small-colony thymidine kinase-deficient mutants of L5178Y/TK+/- -3.7.2C mouse lymphoma cells represent an estimate of the clastogenicity of test chemicals, we have been performing gross aberration analysis. The present study was initiated to determine if the cytokinesis block method of micronucleus analysis could be(More)
Children are generally more sensitive to toxicants than adults, including an increased sensitivity to genotoxic carcinogens. We previously demonstrated that neonatal mice are also more sensitive to the mutagenic effects of the direct alkylating agents N-ethyl-N-nitrosoamine and the arylamine 4-aminobiphenyl than adult mice. In this study, we have evaluated(More)
Over the past several years, we have been evaluating the mutagenicity and clastogenicity of compounds capable of Michael-type reactions. These compounds, including acrylamide, several acrylate and methacrylate esters, vinyl sulfones, and phorone, have been evaluated using TK+/- -3.7.2C mouse lymphoma cells. Mutagenic chemicals induced increases in the(More)