Martha L. Peterson

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Disruption of the precise balance of positive and negative molecular regulators of blood and lymphatic vessel growth can lead to myriad diseases. Although dozens of natural inhibitors of hemangiogenesis have been identified, an endogenous selective inhibitor of lymphatic vessel growth has not to our knowledge been previously described. We report the(More)
The erbAalpha gene encodes two alpha-thyroid hormone receptor isoforms, TRalpha1 and TRalpha2, which arise from alternatively processed mRNAs, erbAalpha1 (alpha1) and erb alpha2 (alpha2). The splicing and alternative polyadenylation patterns of these mRNAs resemble that of mRNAs encoding different forms of immunoglobulin heavy chains, which are regulated at(More)
The switch from membrane-bound to secreted-form IgM that occurs during differentiation of B lymphocytes has long been known to involve regulated processing of the heavy chain pre-mRNA. Here, we show that accumulation of one subunit of an essential polyadenylation factor (CstF-64) is specifically repressed in mouse primary B cells and that overexpression of(More)
The alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and H19 genes are transcribed at high levels in the mammalian fetal liver but are rapidly repressed postnatally. This repression in the liver is controlled, at least in part, by the Afr1 gene. Afr1 was defined >25 years ago when BALB/cJ mice were found to have 5- to 20-fold higher adult serum AFP levels compared with all other(More)
The immunoglobulin gene which encodes both membrane-associated and secreted proteins through alternative RNA processing reactions has been a model system used for over 25 yr to better understand the regulatory mechanisms governing alternative RNA processing. This gene contains competing cleavage-polyadenylation and RNA splicing reactions and the relative(More)
Alternative RNA processing of the heavy-chain immunoglobulin mu gene is regulated during B-cell maturation and requires competition between splice and cleavage-polyadenylation reactions that have balanced efficiencies. Studies with modified mu genes have failed to identify gene-specific sequences required for regulation. Thus, the only important feature for(More)
The secretory-specific poly(A) signal (mus) of the immunoglobulin mu gene plays a central role in regulating alternative RNA processing to produce RNAs that encode membrane-associated and secreted immunoglobulins. This poly(A) signal is in direct competition with a splice reaction, and regulation requires that these two reaction efficiencies be balanced.(More)
The relative abundance of the mRNAs encoding the membrane (mu m) and secreted (mu s) forms of immunoglobulin mu heavy chain is regulated during B-cell maturation by a change in the mode of RNA processing. Current models to explain this regulation involve either competition between cleavage-polyadenylation at the proximal (mu s) poly(A) site and(More)
UNLABELLED The Glypican 3 (Gpc3) gene is expressed abundantly in the fetal liver, is inactive in the normal adult liver, and is frequently reactivated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This reactivation in HCC has led to considerable interest in Gpc3 as a diagnostic tumor marker and its possible role in tumorigenesis. Despite this interest, the basis for(More)