Martha L Elks

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The purpose of the present study was to examine the role of substrate availability in the regulation of the release and synthesis of serotonin by brain slices. Electrical field depolarization of the brain slices stimulated the synthesis and release of serotonin in the absence of changes in intracellular tryptophan concentration, in the absence of tryptophan(More)
To test the hypothesis that the high circulating FFA levels in the diabetes of obesity could contribute to the altered dynamics of insulin secretion seen in that condition, insulin release was measured in isolated perifused rat islet cells, without or with added palmitate. Acutely, as in other systems, palmitate (1 mM) stimulated insulin release. Palmitate(More)
3T3-L1 adipocytes contain both soluble and particulate cAMP phosphodiesterases which can be distinguished by several criteria. Particulate phosphodiesterase activity of 3T3-L1 adipocytes, but not undifferentiated fibroblasts, was selectively increased by incubation of cells with insulin or lipolytic hormones. Particulate cAMP phosphodiesterase activity from(More)
We studied three patients with adrenomyeloneuropathy. Complete audiologic assessment was obtained: two patients showed unimpaired peripheral hearing and one showed a mild high-frequency hearing loss. Auditory brain-stem responses were abnormal in both ears of all subjects, with one subject showing no response above wave I, and the other two having(More)
Differentiation of 3T3-L1 adipocytes, monitored by accumulation of neutral lipid and by increase in alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase activity, is accelerated by incubation of confluent 3T3-L1 fibroblasts in media containing insulin, dexamethasone and isobutylmethylxantine (IBMX). IBMX inhibits cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases as well as the binding(More)
The antilipolytic effect of N6-(L-2-phenylisopropyl)-adenosine (PIA), an adenosine analogue thought to act via cell surface receptors, was investigated in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. PIA (1 microM) was as effective as 1 nM insulin in reducing lipolysis stimulated by 1 nM isoproterenol and more effective than insulin at higher isoproterenol concentrations. In intact(More)
Exposure of 3T3-L1 adipocytes to 1 nM insulin for 10 min results in activation of particulate cAMP phosphodiesterase and suppression of lipolysis stimulated by 10 nM isoproterenol. When lipolysis was increased by cilostamide, a selective inhibitor of the particulate phosphodiesterase, the antilipolytic effect of insulin was not observed. Insulin did(More)