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LEA proteins are late embryogenesis abundant in the seeds of many higher plants and are probably universal in occurrence in plant seeds. LEA mRNAs and proteins can be induced to appear at other stages in the plant's life by desiccation stress and/or treatment with the plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA). A role in protecting plant structures during water loss(More)
We have isolated and characterized cDNA clones of a gene family (P2) expressed in Oenothera organensis pollen. This family contains approximately six to eight family members and is expressed at high levels only in pollen. The predicted protein sequence from a near full-length cDNA clone shows that the protein products of these genes are at least 38,000(More)
Development of Brassica napus L. cv Tower embryos of different ages cultured in vitro with and without abscisic acid (ABA) was compared with normal development in situ to investigate the role of ABA in embryo maturation. Endogenous ABA levels were measured by radioimmunoassay, and sensitivity to ABA was assayed in terms of its ability to suppress precocious(More)
Napins are a family of small, basic storage proteins synthesized in Brassica napus (rapeseed) embryos during seed maturation. Cultured embryos also synthesize napins but require exogenous abscisic acid (ABA) to maintain high accumulation rates. We synthesized cDNA from total RNA of embryos cultured on a medium containing ABA, and cloned it into the Pst1(More)
The storage-protein content of non-zygotic and zygotic embryos of B. napus was compared, using antibodies to guantitate 12S storage protein in extracts by rocket immunoelectrophoresis. Non-zygotic embryos were induced from microspores in anther culture and on the hypocotyls of zygotic embryos in culture. All embryo-like structures were found to contain 12S(More)
We have analyzed the nucleotide sequence and accumulation of an mRNA which is prevalent in seeds of Brassica napus L. During normal development, the mRNA begins to accumulate during late embryogeny, is stored in dry seeds, and becomes undetectable in seedlings within 24 hours after imbibition. Moreover, abscisic acid treatment of embryos precociously(More)
Immature embryos of Brassica napus were cultured in vitro with and without various concentrations of germination inhibitors, and the progress of embryogeny was monitored by comparing accumulation of storage proteins in culture with the normal accumulation in seeds. The two major B. napus storage proteins (12S and 1.7S) were purified from seed extracts and(More)
We have begun the molecular characterization of genes encoding napin, the 1.7 S embryo-specific storage protein of Brassica napus. Genomic Southern blot analysis indicates that napin is encoded by a multigene family comprised of a minimum of 16 genes. Two DNA fragments containing single napin genes have been recovered from B. napus genomic libraries. We(More)
Transcription rates and mRNA levels for Brassica napus seed storage protein families, cruciferin and napin, have been determined in embryos developing in the seed, as well as in embryos cultured with and without abscisic acid. Cruciferin and napin mRNAs are high during the cell expansion phase of embryo development, representing as much as 11 and 8%,(More)
The most abundant protein in seeds of Brassica napus (L.) is cruciferin, a legumin-like 12S storage protein. By in vitro translation of embryo RNA, and pulse-chase labelling of cultured embryos with 14C-leucine, we have shown that the 30 kd α polypeptides and 20 kd β polypeptides of cruciferin are synthesized as a family of 50 kd precursors which are(More)