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Both periodontal ligament and gingival tissue are thought to harbor cells with the ability to stimulate periodontal regeneration, i.e., formation of new bone, cementum, and connective tissue attachment. To understand further the role of these cells in the regenerative process, we compared human periodontal ligament cells and gingival fibroblasts, both(More)
Cementum is critical for anchoring the insertion of periodontal ligament fibers to the tooth root. Several aspects of cementogenesis remain unclear, including differences between acellular cementum and cellular cementum, and between cementum and bone. Biomineralization is regulated by the ratio of inorganic phosphate (Pi) to mineral inhibitor pyrophosphate(More)
The primary site of lead storage is in bone but relatively little attention has focused on this physiological compartment. Recent advances in measurement technology now permit the direct in vivo quantitative measurement of lead in bone, and this measure has great use in clinical and epidemiologic studies. Lead in bone is not a physiological sink, but can be(More)
Personalized medicine aims to individualize care based on a person's unique genetic, environmental, and clinical profile. Dentists and physicians have long recognized variations between and among patients, and have customized care based on each individual's health history, environment, and behavior. However, the sequencing of the human genome in 2003 and(More)
Examination of mutant and knockout phenotypes with altered phosphate/pyrophosphate distribution has demonstrated that cementum, the mineralized tissue that sheathes the tooth root, is very sensitive to local levels of phosphate and pyrophosphate. The aim of this study was to examine the potential regulation of cementoblast cell behavior by inorganic(More)
BACKGROUND Inorganic pyrophosphate (PP(i)) is a physiologic inhibitor of hydroxyapatite mineral precipitation involved in regulating mineralized tissue development and pathologic calcification. Local levels of PP(i) are controlled by antagonistic functions of factors that decrease PP(i) and promote mineralization (tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase,(More)
Epithelial-mesenchymal interactions (EMIs) are critical for tooth development. Molecular mechanisms mediating these interactions in root formation is not well understood. Laser capture microdissection (LCM) and subsequent microarray analyses enable large scale in situ molecular and cellular studies of root formation but to date have been hindered by(More)
Termine et al. first demonstrated that sequential dissociative extraction and fractionation procedures with protease inhibitors could provide a convenient approach for the study of mineral compartment constituents. The primary extraction regimen used 4 M guanidine HCl to remove most of the protein from the nonmineralized phase of bone. Subsequently,(More)