Martha Joan Somerman

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When triggered appropriately, dental follicle cells are considered to be able to differentiate toward a cementoblast/osteoblast phenotype. However, factors and mechanisms regulating follicle cell differentiation remain undefined. This study focused on determining the ability of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) 2 to promote the differentiation of follicle(More)
The recognition that periodontal regeneration can be achieved has resulted in increased efforts focused on understanding the mechanisms and factors required for restoring periodontal tissues so that clinical outcomes of such therapies are more predictable than those currently being used. In vitro models provide an excellent procedure for providing clues as(More)
Nano-fibrous poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) scaffolds with interconnected pores were developed under the hypothesis that nano-fibrous scaffolding would mimic a morphological function of collagen fibrils to create a more favorable microenvironment for cells versus solid-walled scaffolds. In this study, an in vitro system was used to examine biological properties(More)
We isolated a sialic-rich protein from rat dentin extracts and have named it dentin sialoprotein, DSP (formerly called 95K glycoprotein). DSP is rich in aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine and serine, but contains no cysteine or phosphate. The 30% carbohydrate content includes about 9% sialic acid and indicates that several N-glycosides and O-glycosides(More)
The purpose (of this study) was to determine the temporal and spatial pattern of type XII collagen expression during murine tooth/root development. Using in situ hybridization techniques, expression of type XII collagen was compared with that of type I collagen, the most abundant collagen in periodontal tissues. Mouse first mandibular molars were examined(More)
Ultrasonic and sonic scalers appear to attain similar results as hand instruments for removing plaque, calculus, and endotoxin. Ultrasonic scalers used at medium power seem to produce less root surface damage than hand or sonic scalers. Due to instrument width, furcations may be more accessible using ultrasonic or sonic scalers than manual scalers. It is(More)
Promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells promoted by PMA to differentiate along the monocyte pathway adhere to tissue culture plates. To explore the regulation of adhesion molecules in cells promoted to differentiate, the expression and secretion of osteopontin (OPN) and expression of associated cell surface receptors, CD44 and integrin subunits alpha(v), beta3,(More)
The well-established finding that implantation of demineralized bone matrix at non-skeletal sites results in formation of cartilage and bone has been attributed to bone morphogenetic proteins/factors. Commercially-available demineralized bone allograft materials are being used currently to reconstruct/regenerate bone. The studies described here focused on(More)
Periodontal regeneration is a complex process that requires coordinated responses from several cell types within the periodontium. It is generally accepted that the periodontal ligament (PDL) has a heterogeneous cell population, where some of the cells may be capable of differentiating into either cementoblasts or osteoblasts. Thus, it has been hypothesized(More)