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Increased fructose consumption is associated with hyperuricemia, metabolic syndrome, and renal damage. This study evaluated whether febuxostat (Fx), an investigational nonpurine, and selective xanthine oxidase inhibitor, could alleviate the features of metabolic syndrome as well as the renal hemodynamic alterations and afferent arteriolopathy induced by a(More)
Fructose intake has been recently linked to the epidemic of metabolic syndrome and, in turn, the metabolic syndrome has been epidemiologically linked with renal progression. The renal hemodynamic effects of fructose intake are unknown, as well as the effects of different routes of administration. Metabolic syndrome was induced in rats over 8 wk by either a(More)
Renal immune cell infiltration and cells expressing angiotensin II (AII) in tubulointerstitial areas of the kidney are features of experimental models of salt-sensitive hypertension (SSHTN). A high-salt intake tends to suppress circulating AII levels, but intrarenal concentrations of AII have not been investigated in SSHTN. This study explored the(More)
UNLABELLED The hyperglycemia triggers several chronic diabetic complications mediated by increased oxidative stress that eventually causes diabetic nephropathy. The aim of this study was to examine if the sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT2) inhibition prevents the oxidative stress in the kidney of diabetic rats. METHODS The diabetic rat model was(More)
We evaluated whether the blockade of the proinflammatory transcription factor NF-kappaB would modify the oxidative stress, inflammation, and structural and hemodynamic alterations found in the kidney as a result of massive proteinuria. Twenty male Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with 2 g of BSA intraperitoneally daily for 2 wk. Ten of them received in(More)
Transient administration of ANG II causes persistent salt-sensitive hypertension associated with arteriolopathy, interstitial inflammation, and cortical vasoconstriction; blocking the vascular and inflammatory changes with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) prevents vasoconstriction. While infiltrating leukocytes during the salt-sensitive hypertension phase(More)
Hypothyroidism induces several metabolic changes that allow understanding some physiopathological mechanisms. Under experimental hypothyroid conditions in rats, heart and kidney are protected against oxidative damage induced by ischemia reperfusion. An increased resistance to opening of the permeability transition pore seems to be at the basis of such(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic renal damage is associated with inflammatory infiltration, fibrosis and vascular lesion, coupled with increased expression of cyclo-oxygenase 2 (COX-2) and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1). However, the role of inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS-2) is still controversial. Thus, we studied the contribution of NOS-2 to the(More)
BACKGROUND It has been established that hypothyroidism protects rats against renal ischemia and reperfusion (IR) oxidative damage. However, it is not clear if hypothyroidism is able to prevent protein tyrosine nitration, an index of nitrosative stress, induced by IR or if antioxidant enzymes have involved in this protective effect. In this work it was(More)
BACKGROUND In hemodialysis, extracorporeal blood flow (Qb) recommendation is 300-500 mL/min. To achieve the best Qb, we based our prescription on dynamic arterial line pressure (DALP). METHODS This prospective study included 72 patients with catheter Group 1 (G1), 1877 treatments and 35 arterio-venous (AV) fistulae Group 2 (G2), 1868 treatments. The(More)