Martha Franco

Learn More
Increased fructose consumption is associated with hyperuricemia, metabolic syndrome, and renal damage. This study evaluated whether febuxostat (Fx), an investigational nonpurine, and selective xanthine oxidase inhibitor, could alleviate the features of metabolic syndrome as well as the renal hemodynamic alterations and afferent arteriolopathy induced by a(More)
Fructose intake has been recently linked to the epidemic of metabolic syndrome and, in turn, the metabolic syndrome has been epidemiologically linked with renal progression. The renal hemodynamic effects of fructose intake are unknown, as well as the effects of different routes of administration. Metabolic syndrome was induced in rats over 8 wk by either a(More)
Endothelial dysfunction is a characteristic feature during the renal damage induced by mild hyperuricemia. The mechanism by which uric acid reduces the bioavailability of intrarenal nitric oxide is not known. We tested the hypothesis that oxidative stress might contribute to the endothelial dysfunction and glomerular hemodynamic changes that occur with(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The effect of febuxostat (Fx), a non-purine and selective xanthine oxidase inhibitor, on glomerular microcirculatory changes in 5/6 nephrectomy (5/6 Nx) Wistar rats with and without oxonic acid (OA)-induced hyperuricemia was evaluated. METHODS Four groups were studied: 5/6 Nx+vehicle (V)+placebo (P) (n = 7); 5/6 Nx+V+Fx (n = 8); 5/6(More)
BACKGROUND It has been established that hypothyroidism protects rats against renal ischemia and reperfusion (IR) oxidative damage. However, it is not clear if hypothyroidism is able to prevent protein tyrosine nitration, an index of nitrosative stress, induced by IR or if antioxidant enzymes have involved in this protective effect. In this work it was(More)
Membrane permeability was examined in liver mitochondria isolated from hypothyroid rats. It was found that such a thyroid status provides substantial protection from membrane leakiness as induced by Ca2+ loading. Thus, these mitochondria are less prone to undergoing permeability transition than mitochondria from euthyroid rats. The above conclusion was(More)
BACKGROUND Acute renal transplant glomerulopathy (ARTG) refers to a glomerular inflammation mainly within the three 1st months posttransplantation, characterized by the influx of lymphomononuclear cells and swelling of endothelial and mesangial cells. The reported occurrence of ARTG is between 4.3% and 14% of all renal allografts. Investigations on the(More)
To investigate the participation of adenosine (ADO) in the abnormalities of renal function associated with hypothyroidism, glomerular hemodynamics were evaluated in normal (Nl) and 2-wk thyroidectomized (Htx) rats. Studies were performed before and during intravenous infusion of the ADO blocker 1,3-dipropyl-8-p-sulfophenyl xanthine (PSPX, 20 mM, 1.2 ml/h),(More)
BACKGROUND Experimentally-induced hyperuricaemia [due to inhibition of uricase with oxonic acid (OA)] in rats causes hypertension and renal alterations which can be prevented by lowering uric acid (UA) with allopurinol. Febuxostat (Fx), an investigational, nonpurine and selective xanthine oxidase inhibitor, is a more effective UA-lowering agent than(More)
BACKGROUND Although renal protective effect of interrupting the inflammatory process is well established, it is still controversial if it also prevents the glomerular hemodynamic disturbances that initiate renal injury. We investigated the effects of suppressing inflammation with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) on glomerular hemodynamics, arteriolar structural(More)