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Increased fructose consumption is associated with hyperuricemia, metabolic syndrome, and renal damage. This study evaluated whether febuxostat (Fx), an investigational nonpurine, and selective xanthine oxidase inhibitor, could alleviate the features of metabolic syndrome as well as the renal hemodynamic alterations and afferent arteriolopathy induced by a(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The effect of febuxostat (Fx), a non-purine and selective xanthine oxidase inhibitor, on glomerular microcirculatory changes in 5/6 nephrectomy (5/6 Nx) Wistar rats with and without oxonic acid (OA)-induced hyperuricemia was evaluated. METHODS Four groups were studied: 5/6 Nx+vehicle (V)+placebo (P) (n = 7); 5/6 Nx+V+Fx (n = 8); 5/6(More)
To investigate the participation of adenosine (ADO) in the abnormalities of renal function associated with hypothyroidism, glomerular hemodynamics were evaluated in normal (Nl) and 2-wk thyroidectomized (Htx) rats. Studies were performed before and during intravenous infusion of the ADO blocker 1,3-dipropyl-8-p-sulfophenyl xanthine (PSPX, 20 mM, 1.2 ml/h),(More)
Endothelial dysfunction is a characteristic feature during the renal damage induced by mild hyperuricemia. The mechanism by which uric acid reduces the bioavailability of intrarenal nitric oxide is not known. We tested the hypothesis that oxidative stress might contribute to the endothelial dysfunction and glomerular hemodynamic changes that occur with(More)
Fructose intake has been recently linked to the epidemic of metabolic syndrome and, in turn, the metabolic syndrome has been epidemiologically linked with renal progression. The renal hemodynamic effects of fructose intake are unknown, as well as the effects of different routes of administration. Metabolic syndrome was induced in rats over 8 wk by either a(More)
Rats that are administered angiotensin II (AngII) for 2 wk develop persistent salt-sensitive hypertension, which can be prevented by the immunosuppressor mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) given during the AngII infusion. This study examined the contribution of glomerular hemodynamics (GFR dynamics) in the post-AngII hypertensive response to a high-salt diet (HSD)(More)
BACKGROUND Experimentally-induced hyperuricaemia [due to inhibition of uricase with oxonic acid (OA)] in rats causes hypertension and renal alterations which can be prevented by lowering uric acid (UA) with allopurinol. Febuxostat (Fx), an investigational, nonpurine and selective xanthine oxidase inhibitor, is a more effective UA-lowering agent than(More)
It has not been definitely established whether elevated circulating triglyceride-rich lipoproteins constitute an independent risk factor for hypertension, atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, and coronary heart disease. To investigate some aspects of the physiopathology of this lipid metabolism abnormality, a model of experimental hypertriglyceridemia(More)
Experimental hyperuricemia (HU) results in preglomerular arteriolopathy, cortical vasoconstriction, and glomerular hypertension. Recently, uric acid has been shown to induce endothelial dysfunction. We therefore studied the effect of acute and chronic administration of l-arginine (a substrate for endothelial nitric oxide synthase) on the renal hemodynamic(More)
Transient administration of ANG II causes persistent salt-sensitive hypertension associated with arteriolopathy, interstitial inflammation, and cortical vasoconstriction; blocking the vascular and inflammatory changes with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) prevents vasoconstriction. While infiltrating leukocytes during the salt-sensitive hypertension phase(More)