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Increased fructose consumption is associated with hyperuricemia, metabolic syndrome, and renal damage. This study evaluated whether febuxostat (Fx), an investigational nonpurine, and selective xanthine oxidase inhibitor, could alleviate the features of metabolic syndrome as well as the renal hemodynamic alterations and afferent arteriolopathy induced by a(More)
Fructose intake has been recently linked to the epidemic of metabolic syndrome and, in turn, the metabolic syndrome has been epidemiologically linked with renal progression. The renal hemodynamic effects of fructose intake are unknown, as well as the effects of different routes of administration. Metabolic syndrome was induced in rats over 8 wk by either a(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The effect of febuxostat (Fx), a non-purine and selective xanthine oxidase inhibitor, on glomerular microcirculatory changes in 5/6 nephrectomy (5/6 Nx) Wistar rats with and without oxonic acid (OA)-induced hyperuricemia was evaluated. METHODS Four groups were studied: 5/6 Nx+vehicle (V)+placebo (P) (n = 7); 5/6 Nx+V+Fx (n = 8); 5/6(More)
BACKGROUND Experimentally-induced hyperuricaemia [due to inhibition of uricase with oxonic acid (OA)] in rats causes hypertension and renal alterations which can be prevented by lowering uric acid (UA) with allopurinol. Febuxostat (Fx), an investigational, nonpurine and selective xanthine oxidase inhibitor, is a more effective UA-lowering agent than(More)
To investigate the participation of adenosine (ADO) in the abnormalities of renal function associated with hypothyroidism, glomerular hemodynamics were evaluated in normal (Nl) and 2-wk thyroidectomized (Htx) rats. Studies were performed before and during intravenous infusion of the ADO blocker 1,3-dipropyl-8-p-sulfophenyl xanthine (PSPX, 20 mM, 1.2 ml/h),(More)
Transient administration of ANG II causes persistent salt-sensitive hypertension associated with arteriolopathy, interstitial inflammation, and cortical vasoconstriction; blocking the vascular and inflammatory changes with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) prevents vasoconstriction. While infiltrating leukocytes during the salt-sensitive hypertension phase(More)
Experimental hyperuricemia (HU) results in preglomerular arteriolopathy, cortical vasoconstriction, and glomerular hypertension. Recently, uric acid has been shown to induce endothelial dysfunction. We therefore studied the effect of acute and chronic administration of l-arginine (a substrate for endothelial nitric oxide synthase) on the renal hemodynamic(More)
Cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum II, CDDP) is a chemotherapeutic agent that induces nephrotoxicity associated with oxidative/nitrosative stress. Sulforaphane (SFN) is an isothiocyanate produced by the enzymatic action of myrosinase on glucorophanin, a glucosinolate contained in cruciferous vegetables. SFN is able to induce cytoprotective enzymes(More)
Mildly hyperuricemic rats develop renin-dependent hypertension and interstitial renal disease. Hyperuricemia might also induce changes in glomerular hemodynamics. Micropuncture experiments under deep anesthesia were performed in Sprague-Dawley rats fed a low-salt diet (LS group), fed a low-salt diet and treated with oxonic acid (OA/LS group), and fed a(More)
High-density lipoproteins (HDL) are inversely related with coronary artery disease (CAD) and HDL-cholesterol is the only standardized and reproducible parameter available to estimate plasma concentration of these lipoproteins. However, pharmacological interventions intended to increase HDL-cholesterol have not been consistently associated to an effective(More)