Martha E Laposata

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A deficiency in essential fatty acid metabolism has been reported in plasma from patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). However, its etiology and role in the expression of disease is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine whether alterations in fatty acid metabolism are specific to CF-regulated organs and whether they play a role in the(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with cystic fibrosis have altered levels of plasma fatty acids. We previously demonstrated that arachidonic acid levels are increased and docosahexaenoic acid levels are decreased in affected tissues from cystic fibrosis-knockout mice. In this study we determined whether humans with mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane(More)
The promise of "personalized medicine" guided by an understanding of each individual's genome has been fostered by increasingly powerful and economical methods to acquire clinically relevant information. We describe the operational implementation of prospective genotyping linked to an advanced clinical decision-support system to guide individualized health(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the clinical efficacy and adverse effects of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), a plant seed oil-derived unsaturated fatty acid that suppresses inflammation and joint tissue injury in animal models, in the treatment of active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS Fifty-six patients with active RA were randomized to treatment groups in a 6-month,(More)
Rat intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) is an abundant, 15,124-Da polypeptide found in the cytosol of small intestinal epithelial cells (enterocytes). It is homologous to rat liver fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP), a 14,273-Da cytosolic protein which is found in enterocytes as well as hepatocytes. It is unclear why the small intestinal(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the clinical utility of fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) in the blood as a short-term confirmatory marker for ethanol intake and a longer-term marker for ethanol intake after ethanol is no longer detectable. DESIGN Single-center controlled clinical trial and a blinded comparison involving 48 blood samples that were positive,(More)
The possibility that fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs), esterification products of fatty acids and ethanol, are mediators of ethanol-induced organ damage was suggested by an autopsy study in which individuals who died while acutely intoxicated were found to have FAEEs predominantly in the organs damaged by ethanol abuse. We initially observed in human(More)
Direct modification of proteins by fatty acid can occur as cotranslational N-myristoylation of an N-terminal glycine residue or as posttranslational thioesterification of cysteine residue(s). Platelets provide an excellent model system for studying the posttranslational type of modification in the absence of active protein synthesis and in the absence of(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the role of acquired and inherited prothrombotic risk factors that increase the risk of thrombosis in oral contraceptive users, during pregnancy, and in neonates, infants, and children; and to determine by the consensus opinion of recognized experts in the field which risk factors should be determined in which individuals at which time.(More)
The number of tests used for the detection of ethanol ingestion is increasing. The field is rapidly moving beyond ethanol alone as a marker of ethanol intake. The combined measurement of carbohydrate deficient transferrin, FAEEs, 5-HTOL/5-HIAA, acetaldehyde adducts, and phosphatidylethanol may one day be used to approximate the time and amount of ethanol(More)