Martha Conkling

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BACKGROUND With the accessibility of prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) services in sub-Saharan Africa, more women are being tested for HIV in antenatal care settings. Involving partners in the counselling and testing process could help prevent horizontal and vertical transmission of HIV. This study was conducted to assess the feasibility of(More)
BACKGROUND Most new HIV infections in Africa are acquired from cohabiting heterosexual partners. Couples' Voluntary Counselling and Testing (CVCT) is an effective prevention strategy for this group. We present our experience with a community-based program for the promotion of CVCT in Kigali, Rwanda and Lusaka, Zambia. METHODS Influence Network Agents(More)
Understanding influences on health-related quality of life (HRQL) is critical in order to track and improve the health of poor, vulnerable populations and reduce health disparities. However, studies assessing HRQL of minorities are relatively scarce. The purpose of this study was to document personal and socioenvironmental correlates to HRQL. The study(More)
School violence has received unprecedented attention in recent years, particularly since the infamous events unfolded in Littleton, Colorado at Columbine High School. For many Americans, such events were not imagined possible while for others, they confirmed the need for urgent and careful examination of the nature and scope of school violence. It appears,(More)
BACKGROUND Verbal autopsy (VA) can be used to describe leading causes of death in countries like Zambia where vital events registration does not produce usable data. The objectives of this study were to assess the feasibility of using verbal autopsy to determine age-, sex-, and cause-specific mortality in a community-based setting in Zambia and to estimate(More)
An assessment of the risk or diagnosis of diabetes in a random sample of 386 adult border residents found 46% obese, 12% at risk for diabetes, and 18% diagnosed with diabetes. While obesity was associated with greater diabetes risk, > 50% of obese adults reported not being told of their diabetes risk. Independent of other characteristics, boomers were at(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare responses to a sexual behavioral survey of spouses in cohabiting heterosexual relationships in Kigali, Rwanda. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. METHODS Husbands and wives in 779 cohabiting couples were interviewed separately with parallel questionnaires. Participants were recruited from a three-year old cohort of 1458 antenatal clinic(More)
Background The Zambia Emory HIV Research Project (ZEHRP) uses Couples HIV Counselling and Testing (CHCT) centers to recruit a large cohort of discordant couples in preparation for HIV prevention and vaccine trials. In 2008–2009, the project shifted from operating 3 private CHCT centers to supporting CHCT at government health centers throughout Lusaka,(More)
HIV testing services (HTS) are an essential component of a national response to the HIV epidemic, and in lower and middle income countries, at least 150 million persons are tested annually. HIV testing is necessary to identify persons in need of antiretroviral treatment, which has been documented to be highly effective not only for treatment but also for(More)
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