Martha C Piper

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The Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS), an observational assessment scale, was constructed to measure gross motor maturation in infants from birth through independent walking. Based upon the literature, 58 items were generated and organized into four positions: prone, supine, sitting and standing. Each item describes three aspects of motor(More)
The Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) is a norm-referenced measure of infant gross motor development. The objectives of this study were: (1) to establish the best cut-off scores on the AIMS for predictive purposes, and (2) to compare the predictive abilities of the AIMS with those of the Movement Assessment of Infants (MAI) and the Peabody Developmental(More)
A randomized clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of three commonly employed forms of traction in the treatment of cervical spine disorders. One hundred consenting men and women with disorders of the cervical spine were randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups, static traction, intermittent traction, manual traction, or no(More)
Forty-five neurologically normal preterm infants were allocated to one of two groups according to their gestational age at birth (less than 32 weeks; 32 to 36 weeks). Their gross and fine motor development was assessed at eight and 12 months chronological age and eight and 12 months adjusted age. At eight months chronological age the two groups differed(More)
A prospective, randomized, controlled trial was conducted to assess the effects of early physical therapy on infants at risk for neurologic sequelae and to evaluate the impact of such early treatment on the prevention or minimization of future handicaps. A cohort of 134 infants who had received care in two Montreal inborn neonatal intensive care units was(More)
The mental development of 37 infants with Down syndrome, allocated either to an experimental or control group, was assessed over a six-month period by an independent evaluator. The experimental group participated in biweekly therapy sessions designed to stimulate normal development while the control group received no intervention. The Griffiths Mental(More)
A randomized clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of 3 physical therapy approaches--lumbar flexion exercise, manual therapy, and home care--in the treatment of lumbar disc disease. Twenty-eight patients were assigned to 1 of 3 treatment groups and were shown to be similar in age, sex, and prescores on 4 of the 5 outcome measures. With the(More)
The motor development of 75 preterm infants was assessed at 4 months chronological and 4 months adjusted ages using the Movement Assessment of Infants (MAI). Infants were followed until 18 months old when neurological and motor outcomes were assessed by a developmental pediatrician, and outcomes were classified as normal, suspicious, or abnormal.(More)
Physical and occupational therapists monitor the development of preterm infants graduating form neonatal intensive care units and frequently use the neuromotor development of fullterm infants as the criterion against which normality is judged. Despite the methodological problems of comparison on non-homogeneous groups, poor matching, inadequate measurement(More)
We prospectively performed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies during the neonatal period, and at 4 and 8 months of age, on 15 term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, and compared the results with their neurodevelopmental outcome at 18 months of age. Cerebral palsy developed in nine infants, two infants were classified as having(More)