Martha C. Kimos

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The HPP1 gene was cloned as a frequently methylated gene in hyperplastic polyps of the colon. It has been shown that HPP1 expression is silenced by HPP1 gene hypermethylation in sporadic colorectal cancers. To determine the role of HPP1 in ulcerative colitis (UC)-associated carcinogenesis, the prevalence of HPP1 methylation was investigated in three(More)
Microsatellite instability (MSI) within coding regions causes frameshift mutations (FSMs). This type of mutation may inactivate tumor suppressor genes in cancers with frequent MSI (MSI-H cancers). To identify novel FSMs in gastric carcinogenesis in an unbiased and comprehensive manner, we screened for this type of mutation at 154 coding region repeat loci(More)
cDNAmicroarrays, combined with bioinformatics analyses, are becomingincreasingly used in current medical research. Existing analytic methods,particularly those that are unsupervised, often have difficulty recognizing subtle differences among predefined subgroups. In contrast, supervised methods, such as Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), are able to(More)
Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) is a leading indication for corneal transplantation. FECD is characterized by progressive alterations in endothelial cell morphology, excrescences (guttae) and thickening of the endothelial basement membrane and cell death. Ultimately, these changes lead to corneal edema and vision loss. Due to the lack of vision(More)
Frequent loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on human chromosome 7q31 has been reported in numerous malignancies. Suppressor of tumorigenicity 7 (ST7) has been identified as a candidate tumor suppressor gene in this region. To identify whether 7q31 and genetic alterations of ST7 were involved in human esophageal carcinogenesis, we performed LOH mapping of a 5.4 cM(More)
PCNA and esophagin have been implicated in the multistep process of carcinogenesis, but simultaneous characterization of these proteins in the early stages of esophageal neoplastic progression has yet to be undertaken. In morphologically normal esophageal epithelium, esophagin stains the granular layer cells, principally in their cell membrane portions.(More)
The activin type II receptorgene (ACTRII) is mutated in 58.1% of microsatellite-unstable (MSI-H) colorectal cancers and is a close relative of the TGFbeta-1 type II receptor, which is known to be involved in both MSI-H and non-MSI-H colorectal carcinogenesis. We therefore sought to determine whether ACTRII was involved in non-MSI-H colorectal cancers. We(More)
PURPOSE We compared the cellular phenotypes and studied the role of autophagy in the pathogenesis of Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) using two α2 collagen VIII (Col8a2) knock-in mouse models and human FECD tissues. METHODS In vivo corneal endothelial cell (CEC) counts and morphology were analyzed by clinical confocal microscopy. Ultrastructural(More)
cDNA microarrays, combined with bioinformatics analyses, are becoming increasingly used in current medical research. Existing analytic methods, particularly those that are unsupervised, often have difficulty recognizing subtle differences among predefined subgroups. In contrast, supervised methods, such as Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), are able to(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize age-associated changes in the corneal endothelium and Descemet's membrane (DM) in C57BL/6 mice, an inbred strain commonly used as a genetic disease model. Corneas from mice aged 2 weeks to 24 months were studied. Light microscopy was used to assess central endothelial cell density, area, and morphology.(More)