Martha A. Carter

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OBJECTIVE The study of individual psychotherapeutic approaches to the treatment of schizophrenia has yielded equivocal findings, partly because of methodologic problems. Further, the ability of psychosocial treatments to prevent psychotic relapse appears to lessen over time. The authors' goal was to develop and test a demonstrably effective individual(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous analyses of the personal and social adjustment of outpatients with schizophrenia have either relied on the assessment of unrepresentative patients who survived without relapse or used analyses that included relapse assessments, a potential confound when different rates of relapse existed among treatment conditions. The authors' goal was(More)
We demonstrated earlier that a novel family psychoeducational approach and an individual social skills training approach designed for patients living in high-expressed emotion households each reduced schizophrenic relapse by one-half when compared with medication controls in the 1st year after hospital discharge. The combination of treatments resulted in no(More)
Issues regarding the side effects of antipsychotic medication and the possible contribution of the environment to dose requirements led to a two-year controlled dosage study of maintenance antipsychotic medication and familial environment among recently discharged schizophrenic patients. Seventy stable patients, living in high- or low-expressed emotion (EE)(More)
While the long-term care of ambulatory schizophrenia patients requires highly effective interpersonal treatment skills among clinicians, there is little evidence to support an empirically validated individual psychotherapy of schizophrenia. Personal therapy (PT) attempts to address the apparent limitations of traditional psychotherapy by modifying the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the current tracheal and oropharyngeal suctioning practice variability within and among the professions of physical therapy, respiratory therapy and nursing. DESIGN A mail survey of physical therapists, respiratory therapists and registered nurses who perform suctioning. The survey instrument consisted of questions about professional(More)
BACKGROUND Prominent and persistent anxiety, depression, and/or negative features characterize a substantial minority of recovered or residually psychotic schizophrenic outpatients and contribute to poor outcome. Because extrapyramidal side effects of typical neuroleptic medications often resemble such features, we first systematically studied the(More)
It has been maintained that becoming a schizophrenic is essentially "a social and interpersonal process, not an inevitable consequence of primary symptoms and neurochemical abnormality" (Estroff 1989). It is the intent of this paper to elaborate on this theme by exploring how the neuropsychological deficits of schizophrenia relate to the observed social(More)
PURPOSE Night call is a significant part of residents' education, but little information about their night-call activities is available. This study recorded residents' activities during night-call rotations on internal medicine and pediatrics wards. METHOD In June and July 1997, on-call pediatrics and internal medicine residents at an urban academic(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide physicians, physiotherapists, nurses and respiratory therapists with guidelines for the application of airway suctioning. DESIGN This clinical practice guideline was developed using the model by Browman and colleagues. A working group of representatives from four professional colleges (nurses, physicians and surgeons, physiotherapists(More)