Marte Bliksøen

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AIMS Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-Like Receptor with a Pyrin domain 3 (NLRP3) is considered necessary for initiating a profound sterile inflammatory response. NLRP3 forms multi-protein complexes with Apoptosis-associated Speck-like protein containing a Caspase recruitment domain (ASC) and Caspase-1, which activate pro-interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and(More)
BACKGROUND The innate immune receptor NLRP3 recognizes tissue damage and initiates inflammatory processes through formation multiprotein complexes with the adaptor protein ASC and caspase-1, i.e. NLRP3 inflammasomes, which through cleavage of pro-IL-1β mediates release of bioactive IL-1β. We hypothesized that NLRP3 mediates tissue damage during acute(More)
In studies of gene expression in acute ischemic heart tissue, internal reference genes need to show stable expression per-unit-living tissue to hinder dead cells from biasing real-time RT-PCR data. Until now, this important issue has not been appropriately investigated. We hypothesized that the expression of seven internal reference genes would show stable(More)
OBJECTIVE Hydrogen sulphide (H(2)S) protects the heart against ischaemia-reperfusion injury caused by low flow or local ischaemia. We hypothesised that: (1) H(2)S protects against global ischaemia-reperfusion injury of the heart, (2) H(2)S plays a mechanistic role in ischaemic preconditioning, and (3) H(2)S acts by phosphorylation of protein kinases. (More)
Aquaporin-1 (AQP1) is expressed in human and mouse hearts, but little is known about its cellular and subcellular localization and regulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the localization of AQP1 in the mouse heart and to determine the effects of ischemia and hypoxia on its expression. Mouse myocardial cells were freshly isolated and split into(More)
Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury of the heart generates reactive oxygen species that oxidize macromolecules including mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (OGG1) works synergistically with MutY DNA glycosylase (MYH) to maintain mtDNA integrity. Our objective was to study the functional outcome of lacking the repair enzymes OGG1 and(More)
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) causes sterile inflammation, which exacerbates tissue injury. Elevated levels of circulating mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been associated with AMI. We hypothesized that mtDNA triggers an innate immune response via TLR9 and NF-κB activation, causing cardiomyocyte injury. Murine cardiomyocytes express TLR9 mRNA and protein(More)
AIM Myocardial infarction (MI) remains a major cause of death and disability worldwide, despite available reperfusion therapies. Inflammatory signaling is considered nodal in defining final infarct size. Activation of the innate immune receptor toll-like receptors (TLR) 9 prior to ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) reduces infarct size, but the consequence of(More)