Marta Wlodarska

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Although Escherichia coli can be an innocuous resident of the gastrointestinal tract, it also has the pathogenic capacity to cause significant diarrheal and extraintestinal diseases. Pathogenic variants of E. coli (pathovars or pathotypes) cause much morbidity and mortality worldwide. Consequently, pathogenic E. coli is widely studied in humans, animals,(More)
Allergic asthma rates have increased steadily in developed countries, arguing for an environmental aetiology. To assess the influence of gut microbiota on experimental murine allergic asthma, we treated neonatal mice with clinical doses of two widely used antibiotics--streptomycin and vancomycin--and evaluated resulting shifts in resident flora and(More)
Environmental enteropathy (EE) is a subclinical chronic inflammatory disease of the small intestine and has a profound impact on the persistence of childhood malnutrition worldwide. However, the aetiology of the disease remains unknown and no animal model exists to date, the creation of which would aid in understanding this complex disease. Here we(More)
Antibiotics are often used in the clinic to treat bacterial infections, but the effects of these drugs on microbiota composition and on intestinal immunity are poorly understood. Citrobacter rodentium was used as a model enteric pathogen to investigate the effect of microbial perturbation on intestinal barriers and susceptibility to colitis. Streptomycin(More)
CD45 is a protein tyrosine phosphatase that is expressed on all nucleated hematopoietic cells, from stem cells to memory cells. Although its function in regulating the threshold of Ag receptor signaling is well established, its role in other leukocytes, particularly progenitor cells, is not well defined. In this study, we find CD45 affects early thymocyte(More)
Mammals are superorganisms, being a composite of mammalian and microbial cells existing in symbiosis. Although the microbiota is not essential for life, commensal and intestinal epithelial cell interactions are critical for the maturation of the immune system. Antibiotic treatment alters this delicate balance by causing compositional changes in the(More)
T term ‘common mucosal immunological system’ was coined by John Bienenstock nearly 40 years ago. He suggested the concept when the bronchus-associated lymphoid tissues his group described were found to be similar to those in the gastrointestinal tract. Ironically, appreciation of the importance of this term is only now truly beginning. Since then, the(More)
This review discusses the barriers an enteric pathogen encounters when establishing an infection in the intestinal tract. There are potential barriers in the lumen that increase competition for nutrients and space. The role of mucus layer, and the antimicrobial peptides and secretory IgA sequestered within it, are also significant barriers. After overcoming(More)
Mucus production by goblet cells of the large intestine serves as a crucial antimicrobial protective mechanism at the interface between the eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells of the mammalian intestinal ecosystem. However, the regulatory pathways involved in goblet cell-induced mucus secretion remain largely unknown. Here, we demonstrate that the NLRP6(More)
The labdene diterpene forskolin acts on the enzyme adenylyl cyclase to increase cyclic-3’ 5’ adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels and is thought to have an effect on glucose transport in eukaryotic cells. Previous studies have shown this compound to act on mammalian cells, however studies concerning the effect of forskolin on E. coli is limited.(More)