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BACKGROUND NOD2/CARD15 was described as the first susceptibility gene to Crohn's disease (CD). Polymorphisms in the TNFA gene and in the IL1 gene cluster, which are associated with an enhanced chronic inflammatory response, may also play a role in the development of CD. The aim of this study was to determine the association of polymorphisms in the CARD15,(More)
Periodontal disease - PD - is one of the most widespread diseases in dogs, but the role of this odontogenic infection in the dissemination of pathogenic bacteria present in the oral mucosa to other animals or pet owners is understudied. Trying to unveil the putative pathogenicity of enterococci present in the gums of dogs diagnosed with PD, thirty-two(More)
Omalizumab is currently used in severe asthma and has been tried in other allergic disorders. The authors report two patients with multiple food allergies and eosinophilic esophagitis on a very restrictive diet who have been treated with omalizumab, in order to improve food intolerance--the major distressing factor in their lives. The patients significantly(More)
We report here the first Portuguese case of acute fatal granulomatous encephalitis attributed to Balamuthia mandrillaris, initially thought to be a brain tumor, which had a progressive and fatal outcome. Balamuthia mandrillaris is a free-living amoeba recognized as an uncommon agent of granulomatous encephalitis. Infections have been identified in(More)
CONTEXT The first degree relatives of celiac patients represent a high risk group for the development of this disorder, so their screening may be crucial in the prevention of long-term complications. OBJECTIVE In order to determine the prevalence of celiac disease in a group of first degree relatives of children with proven gluten intolerance, we(More)
This guideline refers to infants, children, and adolescents ages 0 to 18 years. The areas covered include indications for diagnostic and therapeutic esophagogastroduodenoscopy and ileocolonoscopy; endoscopy for foreign body ingestion; corrosive ingestion and stricture/stenosis endoscopic management; upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding; endoscopic(More)
This Executive summary of the Guideline on pediatric gastrointestinal endoscopy from the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) and the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) refers to infants, children, and adolescents aged 0 - 18 years. The areas covered include: indications for diagnostic and(More)