Marta Seghieri

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Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) lowers glucose levels by potentiating glucose-induced insulin secretion and inhibiting glucagon release. The question of whether GLP-1 exerts direct effects on the liver, independently of the hormonal changes, is controversial. We tested whether an exogenous GLP-1 infusion, designed to achieve physiological postprandial(More)
It is a commonly held view that chronically elevated NEFA levels adversely affect insulin secretion and insulin action (lipotoxicity). However, the effect of NEFA on beta cell function has only been explored using acute NEFA elevations. Our aim was to analyse the relationship between endogenous NEFA levels and beta cell function. In 1,267 individuals(More)
Killian-Jamieson diverticulum (KJD) is a pharyngoesophageal diverticulum that can be observed during a neck ultrasound examination. Because of its position, it is frequently misinterpreted as a thyroid nodule. We present a case of an incidental finding of KJD, where changes in shape during dynamic scanning led to the correct diagnosis, preventing from(More)
AIMS The question asked by this study was whether β-cell function expressed by insulin secretion/sensitivity measured during pregnancy in women with gestational diabetes (GDM) predicts post-partum long-term derangement in glucose metabolism. METHODS Seventy-four Caucasian women with previous GDM were retested through a 75 g-2-h-OGTT after 8 [6] years(More)
BACKGROUND Several patients encompass a scarce weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). As such event is not related to surgical complications, finding markers able to identify "well responders" and to predict weight loss outcome is clinically relevant. Ghrelin regulates appetite and energy balance. Common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in(More)
BACKGROUND Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors reduce blood pressure (BP) and renal and cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes through not fully elucidated mechanisms. Aim of this study was to investigate whether dapagliflozin is able to acutely modify systemic and renal vascular function, as well as putative mechanisms. METHODS(More)
1 Department of Clinical & Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Italy 11 2 CNR Institute of Neuroscience, Padua, Italy 12 3 CNR Institute of Clinical Physiology, Pisa, Italy 13 14 15 Corresponding author: Marta Seghieri, Department of Clinical & Experimental Medicine, 16 University of Pisa, Via Roma, 67, 56122, Pisa, Italy. Tel: 050/992151; fax:(More)
Restoring euglycaemia for weeks or months improves insulin secretion in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). We tested whether mild decrements in fasting glucose (FPG) acutely affect β-cell function and insulin sensitivity. Thirteen normotolerant (NGT) and 10 T2D patients volunteered in pairs. In an isoglycemic test (Iso), after 100 min of stabilization, an(More)
Elevated plasma triglycerides (TGs) are early key features of conditions associated with a dysregulation in glucose metabolism and may predict the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) over time. Although the acute ingestion of lipid, either mixed with or shortly before the meal, is neutral or slightly beneficial on glucose tolerance, a short-term increase(More)
Heart failure (HF) is one of the most frequent cause of hospitalization in elderly and often coexists with concurrent geriatric syndromes, like cognitive disturbances; various pathophysiological mechanisms are shared by HF and cognitive decline, notably a substrate of low-grade inflammation. We investigated whether SNPs in the purinergic receptor (P2X7R)(More)