Marta Scatena

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Osteopontin (OPN) is a multifunctional molecule highly expressed in chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, and it is specifically localized in and around inflammatory cells. OPN is a secreted adhesive molecule, and it is thought to aid in the recruitment of monocytes-macrophages and to regulate cytokine production in macrophages, dendritic cells, and(More)
The transcription factor NF-kappa B is an important regulator of gene expression during immune and inflammatory responses, and can also protect against apoptosis. Here we show that endothelial cells undergo apoptosis when deprived of growth factors. Surviving viable cells exhibit increased activity of NF-kappa B, whereas apoptotic cells show(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is a matricellular protein that mediates diverse biological functions. OPN is involved in normal physiological processes and is implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of disease states, including atherosclerosis, glomerulonephritis, cancer, and several chronic inflammatory diseases. Through interactions with several integrins, OPN(More)
Osteopontin protects endothelial cells from apoptosis induced by growth factor withdrawal. This interaction is mediated by the alpha(v)beta(3) integrin and is NF-kappaB-dependent (Scatena, M., Almeida, M., Chaisson, M. L., Fausto, N., Nicosia, R. F., and Giachelli, C. M. (1998) J. Cell Biol. 141, 1083-1093). In the present study we used differential cloning(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteoprotegerin (OPG), a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily of proteins, plays an important role in bone remodeling and is expressed in both mouse and human atherosclerotic lesions. The current study was designed to assess whether OPG plays a role in the progression and calcification of advanced atherosclerotic lesions in(More)
The alphavbeta3 integrin plays a fundamental role during the angiogenesis process by inhibiting endothelial cell apoptosis. However, the mechanism of inhibition is unknown. In this report, we show that integrin-mediated cell survival involves regulation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) activity. Different extracellular matrix molecules were able to(More)
OBJECTIVE Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) offer a sustainable source of endothelial cells for therapeutic vascularization and tissue engineering, but current techniques for generating these cells remain inefficient. We endeavored to induce and isolate functional endothelial cells from differentiating hESCs. METHODS AND RESULTS To enhance endothelial(More)
The a v b 3 integrin plays a fundamental role during the angiogenesis process by inhibiting endothelial cell apoptosis. However, the mechanism of inhibition is unknown. In this report, we show that integrinmediated cell survival involves regulation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NFk B) activity. Different extracellular matrix molecules were able to protect rat(More)
BACKGROUND Fibrosis of serosa, along with smooth muscle (SM) cell hypertrophy, has been shown to occur in the rabbit bladder after partial outflow obstruction. Identification of cells involved in the serosal thickening can be of primary interest to elucidate the functional changes that this organ undergoes. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Cytoskeletal protein(More)
Calponin and SM 22 are two proteins related in sequence that are particularly abundant in smooth muscle cells. Here, the distribution patterns of calponin and SM 22 were compared with that of other smooth muscle contractile and cytoskeletal components in the avian embryo using immunofluorescence microscopy and immunoblotting. Like myosin-light-chain kinase(More)