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The transcription factor NF-kappa B is an important regulator of gene expression during immune and inflammatory responses, and can also protect against apoptosis. Here we show that endothelial cells undergo apoptosis when deprived of growth factors. Surviving viable cells exhibit increased activity of NF-kappa B, whereas apoptotic cells show(More)
BACKGROUND Fibrosis of serosa, along with smooth muscle (SM) cell hypertrophy, has been shown to occur in the rabbit bladder after partial outflow obstruction. Identification of cells involved in the serosal thickening can be of primary interest to elucidate the functional changes that this organ undergoes. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Cytoskeletal protein(More)
A panel of monoclonal antibodies specific for cytoskeletal and cytocontractile protein markers has been used to study the expression of vimentin, desmin and alpha-smooth muscle (SM) actin, as well as non-muscle (NM) and SM myosin isoforms, in developing rabbit aorta. Immunofluorescence experiments show that in the vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC): (1)(More)
The alphavbeta3 integrin plays a fundamental role during the angiogenesis process by inhibiting endothelial cell apoptosis. However, the mechanism of inhibition is unknown. In this report, we show that integrin-mediated cell survival involves regulation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) activity. Different extracellular matrix molecules were able to(More)
Localized, controlled delivery of pro-angiogenic agents is an important component of therapies for chronic wound treatment and regenerative medicine. Osteoprotegerin (OPG), a tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily member has recently been shown to be pro-angiogenic in vitro, and we hypothesized that controlled delivery of OPG could induce(More)
Osteopontin protects endothelial cells from apoptosis induced by growth factor withdrawal. This interaction is mediated by the alpha(v)beta(3) integrin and is NF-kappaB-dependent (Scatena, M., Almeida, M., Chaisson, M. L., Fausto, N., Nicosia, R. F., and Giachelli, C. M. (1998) J. Cell Biol. 141, 1083-1093). In the present study we used differential cloning(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is a multifunctional molecule highly expressed in chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, and it is specifically localized in and around inflammatory cells. OPN is a secreted adhesive molecule, and it is thought to aid in the recruitment of monocytes-macrophages and to regulate cytokine production in macrophages, dendritic cells, and(More)
Calponin and SM 22 are two proteins related in sequence that are particularly abundant in smooth muscle cells. Here, the distribution patterns of calponin and SM 22 were compared with that of other smooth muscle contractile and cytoskeletal components in the avian embryo using immunofluorescence microscopy and immunoblotting. Like myosin-light-chain kinase(More)
The ␣ v ␤ 3 integrin plays a fundamental role during the angiogenesis process by inhibiting endothe-lial cell apoptosis. However, the mechanism of inhibition is unknown. In this report, we show that integrin-mediated cell survival involves regulation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-␬ B) activity. Different extracellu-lar matrix molecules were able to protect(More)
The differentiation patterns of smooth muscle cells (SMC) in rabbit bladder during development and in the hypertrophic response to partial outflow obstruction induced in adult animals were evaluated by biochemical and immunochemical techniques and by using a panel of monoclonal antibodies specific for desmin, vimentin, alpha-actin of smooth muscle (SM)(More)