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In this study, we asked whether the serum acute-phase protein C-reactive protein (CRP) increased in large surfactant aggregates after lung transplantation and analyzed the changes in composition and interfacial adsorption activity of those aggregates. Single left lung transplantation was performed in weight-matched pairs of dogs. A double-lung block from(More)
Pulmonary surfactant maintains a putative surface-active film at the air-alveolar fluid interface and prevents lung collapse at low volumes. Porcine lung surfactant extracts (LSE) were studied in spread and adsorbed films at 23 +/- 1 degrees C using epifluorescence microscopy combined with surface balance techniques. By incorporating small amounts of(More)
The interaction of pulmonary surfactant protein A (SP-A) labeled with Texas Red (TR-SP-A) with monolayers containing zwitterionic and acidic phospholipids has been studied at pH 7.4 and 4.5 using epifluorescence microscopy. At pH 7.4, TR-SP-A expanded the pi-A isotherms of film of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC). It interacted at high concentration at(More)
Pulmonary surfactant protein A (SP-A) is synthesized by type II cells and stored intracellularly in secretory granules (lamellar bodies) together with surfactant lipids and hydrophobic surfactant proteins B and C (SP-B and SP-C). We asked whether the progressive decrease in pH along the exocytic pathway could influence the secondary structure and lipid(More)
The interaction of the pulmonary surfactant protein SP-A fluorescently labeled with Texas Red (TR-SP-A) with monolayers of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and DPPC/dipalmitoylphosphatidylglycerol 7:3 w/w has been investigated. The monolayers were spread on aqueous subphases containing TR-SP-A. TR-SP-A interacted with the monolayers of DPPC to(More)
Epifluorescence microscopy was used to investigate the interaction of pulmonary surfactant protein A (SP-A) with spread monolayers of porcine surfactant lipid extract (PSLE) containing 1 mol % fluorescent probe (NBD-PC) spread on a saline subphase (145 mM NaCl, 5 mM Tris-HCl, pH 6.9) containing 0, 0.13, or 0.16 microg/ml SP-A and 0, 1.64, or 5 mM CaCl(2).(More)
Environmental factors of physiological relevance such as pH, calcium, ionic strength, and temperature can affect the state of self-aggregation of surfactant protein A (SP-A). We have studied the secondary structure of different SP-A aggregates and analyzed their fluorescence characteristics. (a) We found that self-aggregation of SP-A can be(More)
Pulmonary surfactant is a heterogeneous complex of lipids and proteins that serves to stabilize the alveoli and distal airways at low lung volumes. Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) is widely accepted to be the major lipid component of pulmonary surfactant. In addition to DPPC, phosphatidylglycerol (PG) and specific proteins are required for the full(More)
1. We compared the Ca2+ dependence of the self-aggregation of surfactant protein A (SP-A) with that of vesicle aggregation induced by SP-A. The Ca2+ concentration required for half-maximal activity of lipid aggregation was 0.74 +/- 0.29 microM (n = 4) for pig SP-A and 98 +/- 5 microM (n = 2) for dog SP-A. In contrast, the threshold concentration of Ca2+(More)
By combining the results from atomic force microscopy (AFM) and environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM), herein we investigate properties of photochemical lignin model compounds. We provide evidence that photochemical lignin forms random, probably non-functional structures. The topography of such structures is explored using ESEM.(More)