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Heparanase is an endo-beta-glucuronidase that cleaves heparan sulfate (HS) chains of heparan sulfate proteoglycans on cell surfaces and in the extracellular matrix (ECM). Heparanase, overexpressed by most cancer cells, facilitates extravasation of blood-borne tumor cells and causes release of growth factors sequestered by HS chains, thus accelerating tumor(More)
The NF-κB transcription factor functions as a crucial regulator of cell survival and chemoresistance in pancreatic cancer. Recent studies suggest that tocotrienols, which are the unsaturated forms of vitamin E, are a promising class of anticancer compounds that inhibit the growth and survival of many cancer cells, including pancreatic cancer. Here, we show(More)
Fibroblast Growth Factor-2 (FGF2) is a major inducer of neovascularization (angiogenesis). Heparin activates FGF2 by favoring formation of ternary complexes with its cellular receptors (FGFRs). Controlled 2-O-desulfation followed by exhaustive periodate oxidation/borohydride reduction has been used to generate sulfation gaps within the prevalent heparin(More)
Tumor neovascularization (angiogenesis) is regarded as a promising target for anticancer drugs. Heparin binds to fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2) and promotes the formation of ternary complexes with endothelial cell surface receptors, inducing an angiogenic response. As a novel strategy to generate antiangiogenic substances exploiting binding to FGF2 while(More)
BACKGROUND There exist significant challenges to the receipt of comprehensive oncologic treatment for children diagnosed with cancer in sub-Saharan Africa. To better define those challenges, we investigated treatment outcomes and risk factors for treatment abandonment in a cohort of children diagnosed with cancer at the University Teaching Hospital (UTH),(More)
Clonal propagation of Quercus suber via somatic embryogenesis is an alternative to conventional tree propagation methods; however, complete maturation of somatic embryos is considered the major bottleneck for mass propagation of Quercus species. During somatic embryogenesis, embryo development and maturation are controlled by signaling pathways that(More)
The highly lethal nature of pancreatic cancer and the increasing recognition of high-risk individuals have made research into chemoprevention a high priority. Here, we tested the chemopreventive activity of δ-tocotrienol, a bioactive vitamin E derivative extracted from palm fruit, in the LSL-Kras(G12D/+);Pdx-1-Cre pancreatic cancer mouse model. At 10 weeks(More)
In vitro culture is one of the most studied techniques, and it is used to study many developmental processes, especially in forestry species, because of growth timing and easy manipulation. Epigenetics has been shown as an important influence on many research analyses such as cancer in mammals and developmental processes in plants such as flowering, but(More)
Somatic embryogenesis is a powerful alternative to conventional mass propagation of Quercus suber L. However, poor quality and incomplete maturation of somatic embryos restrict any application. Given that epigenetic and hormonal control govern many developmental stages, including maturation of zygotic embryos, global DNA methylation and abscisic acid (ABA)(More)