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Phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and phosphatidylglycerol (PG) are the main lipid components of the inner bacterial membrane. A computer model for such a membrane was built of palmitoyloleoyl PE (POPE) and palmitoyloleoyl PG (POPG) in the proportion 3:1, and sodium ions (Na+) to neutralize the net negative charge on each POPG (POPE-POPG bilayer). The bilayer(More)
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of fully hydrated bilayers in the liquid-crystalline state made of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-phosphatidylcholine (POPC) or 1-palmitoyl-2-elaidoyl-phosphatidylcholine (PEPC) were carried out to investigate the effect of the incorporation of a double bond in the phosphatidylcholine (PC) beta-chain (cis or trans) on the(More)
Dynamic properties of phosphatidylcholine-cholesterol membranes in the fluid phase and water accessibility to the membranes have been studied as a function of phospholipid alkyl chain length, saturation, mole fraction of cholesterol, and temperature by using spin and fluorescence labelling methods. The results are the following: (1) The effect of(More)
A 15-ns molecular dynamics (MD) simulation of the fully hydrated dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine-cholesterol (DMPC-Chol) bilayer in the liquid-crystalline state was carried out to investigate the effect of Chol on the hydrocarbon chain region of the bilayer. The last 8-ns fragment of the generated trajectory was used for analyses. As a reference system, a(More)
Molecular dynamics simulation of the hydrated dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) bilayer membrane in the liquid-crystalline phase was carried out for 5 ns to study the interaction among DMPC headgroups in the membrane/water interface region. The phosphatidylcholine headgroup contains a positively charged choline group and negatively charged phosphate and(More)
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations complement experimental methods in studies of the structure and dynamics of lipid bilayers. The choice of algorithms employed in this computational method represents a trade-off between the accuracy and real calculation time. The largest portion of the simulation time is devoted to calculation of long-range electrostatic(More)
Without any exaggeration, cholesterol is one of the most important lipid species in eukaryotic cells. Its effects on cellular membranes and functions range from purely mechanistic to complex metabolic ones, besides which it is also a precursor of the sex hormones (steroids) and several vitamins. In this review, we discuss the biophysical effects of(More)
A molecular dynamics (MD) simulation of a fully hydrated, liquid-crystalline dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC)-Chol bilayer membrane containing approximately 22 mol% Chol was carried out for 4.3 ns. The bilayer reached thermal equilibrium after 2.3 ns of MD simulation. A 2.0-ns trajectory generated during 2.3-4.3 ns of MD simulation was used for(More)
The structural and dynamical properties of lipid membranes rich in phospholipids and cholesterol are known to be strongly affected by the unsaturation of lipid acyl chains. We show that not only unsaturation but also the position of a double bond has a pronounced effect on membrane properties. We consider how cholesterol interacts with phosphatidylcholines(More)
Using extensive atomistic simulations, we show that there is a single experimentally accessible parameter--the sterol tilt--that can be used to determine a sterol's capability to induce order, and thus to promote, e.g., formation of lipid rafts. The observations also facilitate designing new effective sterols.