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Nitric oxide (NO) plays a dual role (neuroprotection and neurotoxicity) in cerebral ischemia. NO promoting strategies may be beneficial shortly after ischemia. Therefore, we have studied the hemodynamic and possible neuroprotective effects of two NO donors, the classical nitrovasodilator sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and the NONOate spermine/NO, after(More)
Sublethal anoxia/ischemia protects against subsequent damaging insults in intact brain or hippocampal slices. To help further understand mechanisms underlying anoxic/ischemic preconditioning, we tested three hypotheses which were that: (a) anoxic preconditioning (APC) improves electrical recovery in rat hippocampal slices; (b) anoxic preconditioning(More)
Global cerebral ischemia and subsequent reperfusion induce early impairment of the vasodilator responses to hypercapnia and vasoactive substances. Nitric oxide (NO) is involved in the regulation of cerebral blood flow (CBF) in both health and disease. The present study was designed to assess possible changes in the cerebrovascular reactivity to NO donors(More)
The role of gene induction (expression of HSP72 and c-JUN proteins) and delayed ischemic cell death (in situ labeling of DNA fragmentation) have been investigated in the goat hippocampus after transient global cerebral ischemia. The animals were subjected to 20-min ischemia (bilateral occlusion of the external carotid arteries plus bilateral jugular vein(More)
 Large-animal models offer several advantages in the study of cerebral ischaemia: easier control of physiological variables, easier neuropathological evaluation, etc. In the present study we have taken advantage of the unique cerebrovascular anatomy of the goat to reproduce a model of reversible, incomplete, global cerebral ischaemia in a large-sized animal(More)
We have analysed the effects of 7,12-O-diacetyl-8-O-benzoil-2,3-diepiingol (DBI), an ingol derivative isolated from E. canariensis, on isometric tension developed by isolated rabbit basilar and carotid arteries. Concentration-response curves to DBI (10(-8) - 3 x 10(-5) M) were obtained cumulatively in both arteries at resting tension and active tone (KCI,(More)
Abstract NONOates are a new class of NO donors that have proven useful for studying the effects of spontaneous and chemically predictable NO release in biologic systems. In order to assess their potential as vasodilatatory drugs in the cerebrovascular bed we have compared the relaxant effects of the classical nitrovasodilator sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and(More)
1. Sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 10(-9)-3x10(-4) M), diethylamine/NO complex (DEA/NO, 10(-9)-10(-4) M) and spermine/NO complex (SPER/NO, 10(-8)-3x10(-4) M) induced concentration-dependent relaxation of isolated rabbit carotid arteries precontracted with KCl (50 mM) or with histamine (3x10(-6) M). 2. In KCl-precontracted arteries the order of potency was(More)
Cocaine abuse has been increasingly associated with cerebrovascular disease. We have studied the vasoactive properties of cocaine in branches of human middle cerebral artery and in goat middle cerebral artery isolated in an organ bath for isometric tension recording. Cocaine (10(-5) - 3 x 10(-4) M) induced small contractions, while higher concentrations(More)