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BACKGROUND Overviews of reviews are an evolving form of evidence synthesis. The Cochrane Child Health Field has been producing overviews since 2006, during which time the methods that have been used have changed, both due to the development of guidance within The Cochrane Collaboration and to the decisions made by individual author teams. This paper studies(More)
Six novel cyclic enkephalin analogues have been synthesized. Cyclization of the linear peptides containing basic amino acid residues in position 2 and 5 was achieved by treatment with bis(4-nitrophenyl)carbonate. It was found that some of the compounds exibit unusually high mu-opioid activity in the guinea pig ileum (GPI) assay. The 18-membered analogue(More)
NMR spectroscopy combined with paramagnetic relaxation agents was used to study the positioning of the 40-residue Alzheimer Amyloid beta-peptide Abeta(1-40) in SDS micelles. 5-Doxyl stearic acid incorporated into the micelle or Mn(2+) ions in the aqueous solvent were used to determine the position of the peptide relative to the micelle geometry. In SDS(More)
The solution structure of Ca(2+)-bound regulatory domain of cardiac troponin C (cNTnC) in complex with the switch region of troponin I (cTnI(147-163)) and the calmodulin antagonist, N-(6-aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-naphthalenesulfinamide (W7), has been determined by NMR spectroscopy. The structure reveals that the W7 naphthalene ring interacts with the terminal(More)
The beta-amyloid (Abeta) is the major peptide constituent of neuritic plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and its aggregation is believed to play a central role in the pathogenesis of the disease. Naturally occurring mutations resulting in changes in the Abeta sequence (pos. 21-23) are associated with familial AD-like diseases with extensive cerebrovascular(More)
It is not certain whether the helix propagation parameters s(n)() (i.e., the equilibrium constants between (n - 1)- and n-residue long alpha-helices) determined from numerous studies of rather long model peptides are applicable for description of the initial steps of the helix formation during the protein folding process. From fluorescence, NMR, and(More)
BACKGROUND For adults with asthma that is poorly controlled on inhaled corticosteroids (ICS), guidelines suggest adding a long-acting beta2-agonist (LABA). The LABA can be taken together with ICS in a single (combination) inhaler. Improved symptom control can be assessed in the individual; however, the long-term risk of hospital admission or death requires(More)
BACKGROUND Two large surveillance studies in adults with asthma have found an increased risk of asthma-related mortality in those who took regular salmeterol as monotherapy in comparison to placebo or regular salbutamol. No similar sized surveillance studies have been carried out in children with asthma, and we remain uncertain about the comparative safety(More)
A new family of cyclic opioid peptide analogues related to the 1-4 sequence of dermorphin/deltorphin (Tyr-D-Aaa2-Phe-Aaa4-NH2) has been synthesized. The synthesis of the linear precursor peptides was accomplished by the solid-phase method and ring formation was achieved via a ureido group incorporating the side chain amino functions of D-Aaa2 (D-Lys, D-Orn)(More)
Four cyclic enkephalin analogues and four cyclic dermorphin analogues have been synthesized. Cyclization of linear peptides containing basic amino acid residues of various side chain length in position 2 and 5 (enkephalin analogues) or 2 and 4 (dermorphin analogues) was achieved by treatment with bis-(4-nitrophenyl) carbonate to form a urea unit. The(More)