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A total of 678 individuals from 28 European bovine breeds were both phenotyped and analysed at the myostatin locus by the Single Strand Conformation Polymorphism (SSCP) method. Seven new mutations were identified which contribute to the high polymorphism (1 SNP every 100 bp) present in this small gene; twenty haplotypes were described and a genotyping(More)
Dietary composition and husbandry practices largely determine essential trace element status and toxic element exposure of livestock, and consequently their concentrations in animal products. This study evaluates the main essential trace (Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, I, Mn, Mo, Ni, Se and Zn) and toxic (As, Cd, Hg and Pb) element concentrations in milk from organic and(More)
BACKGROUND The storage capacity of adipose tissue may be an important factor linking obesity, insulin resistance (IR), and associated morbidities. The aim of this study was to analyze the expression of lipogenic and lipolytic genes in adipose tissue and the influence of IR. METHODS We studied the mRNA expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated(More)
CONTEXT Aquaporin-7 is required for efflux of glycerol from adipocytes and influences whole-body glucose homeostasis in animal studies. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to test the hypothesis that AQP7 gene expression levels may be affected by presence of obesity and type 2 diabetes in humans. DESIGN The obesity study cohort consisted of 12 lean, 22(More)
Monitoring levels of mineral concentrations in animal tissues is important for assessing the effect of contamination on animal health and safety of animal origin products in human nutrition. This study evaluated the levels of certain trace elements (copper, zinc, iron, and manganese) in cattle from an industrial and mining region in the north of Spain(More)
Four of 10 heifers that survived an episode of lead poisoning caused by an old broken battery in the pasture were periodically monitored from days 14 to 205 after the episode, with the aim of (i) determining the time-course of lead clearance from blood; and (ii) assessing whether the exposed cattle showed changes in haematological parameters or serum(More)
Since the toxicity of one metal or metalloid can be dramatically modulated by the interaction with other toxic or essential metals, studies addressing the chemical interactions between trace elements are increasingly important. In this study correlations between the main toxic (As, Cd, Hg and Pb) and nutritional essential (Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni,(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess whether the use of pig slurry and associated copper accumulation in calves grazing pastures fertilized with pig slurry from the Deza region in NW Spain has a significant influence on toxic metal and essential metal levels, and to investigate whether copper accumulation is correlated with the levels of these other(More)
Access of intracellular Ags SSA/Ro and SSB/La to cognate maternal autoantibodies is unexplained despite their strong association with congenital heart block. To investigate the hypothesis that apoptosis facilitates surface accessibility of these Ags, human fetal cardiac myocytes from 16- to 22-wk abortuses were established in culture using a novel technique(More)
Many different species have been used in environmental biomonitoring studies in diverse habitats including forest, farmland, and urban and sub-urban areas. However, there is little information on domestic animals living in rural or urban habitats and exposed to the same pollutants as the human population. In this connection, pets could prove to be good(More)