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Intranucleolar DNA, including ribosomal DNA (rDNA), was localized in situ in proliferating onion cells under the electron microscope using an anti-DNA monoclonal antibody and a postembedding indirect immunogold procedure. In the interphase nucleolus of this species, characterized by a very high amount of rRNA genes, we found DNA concentrated mostly in(More)
Pseudomonas fluorescens F113 is a plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium (PGPR) isolated from the sugar-beet rhizosphere. This bacterium has been extensively studied as a model strain for genetic regulation of secondary metabolite production in P. fluorescens, as a candidate biocontrol agent against phytopathogens, and as a heterologous host for expression(More)
Improving productivity is a usual requirement for most biotechnological processes, and the utilisation of two-phase aqueous organic systems has proved to be an effective way to improve the productivity of poorly water-soluble or toxic compounds. The high hydrophobicity of beta-carotene, which is highly demanded by the pharma and agrofood industry, makes it(More)
The aim of this study was to analyze the structural and functional changes occurring in a polychlorinated-biphenyl (PCB)-contaminated soil ecosystem after the introduction of a suitable host plant for rhizoremediation (Salix viminalis). We have studied the populations and phylogenetic distribution of key bacterial groups (Alpha- and Betaproteobacteria,(More)
The ability of plant-associated micro-organisms to colonize and compete in the rhizosphere is specially relevant for the biotechnological application of micro-organisms as inoculants. Pseudomonads are one of the best root colonizers and they are widely used in plant-pathogen biocontrol and in soil bioremediation. This study analyses the motility mechanism(More)
Flagella mediated motility in Pseudomonas fluorescens F113 is tightly regulated. We have previously shown that motility is repressed by the GacA/GacS system and by SadB through downregulation of the fleQ gene, encoding the master regulator of the synthesis of flagellar components, including the flagellin FliC. Here we show that both regulatory pathways(More)
The Pseudomonas fluorescens complex includes Pseudomonas strains that have been taxonomically assigned to more than fifty different species, many of which have been described as plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) with potential applications in biocontrol and biofertilization. So far the phylogeny of this complex has been analyzed according to(More)
Flavonoids are among the most abundant plant secondary metabolites involved in plant protection against pathogens, but micro-organisms have developed resistance mechanisms to those compounds. We previously demonstrated that the MexAB-OprM efflux pump mediates resistance of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato (Pto) DC3000 to flavonoids, facilitating its survival(More)
In order to shed new light on the mechanisms of salt-mediated symbiotic N2-fixation inhibition, the effect of salt stress (75 mM) on N2-fixation in pea root nodules induced by R. leguminosarum was studied at the gene expression, protein production and enzymatic activity levels. Acetylene reduction assays for nitrogenase activity showed no activity in(More)