Age-specific patterns of death from influenza vary, depending on whether the influenza season is epidemic or pandemic. We assessed age patterns and geographic trends in monthly influenza-related deaths in Italy from 1969 through 2001, focusing on differences between epidemic and pandemic seasons. We evaluated age-standardized excess deaths from pneumonia… (More)
We describe the first reported cases of invasive type e Haemophilus influenzae disease in Italy. All five cases occurred in adults. The isolates were susceptible to ampicillin and eight other antimicrobial agents. Molecular analysis showed two distinct type e strains circulating in Italy, both containing a single copy of the capsulation locus.
To the Editor: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), an arthropod-borne virus transmitted to humans by Aedes spp. mosquitoes, was fi rst isolated in Tanza-nia (Tanganyika) in 1953 (1). Various outbreaks have since occurred in Af-rica, Southeast Asia, and India (2). CHIKV has recently been reported in a large area in the Indian Ocean islands and the Indian… (More)
BACKGROUND Over the years 2009-2013, we conducted a prospective study within a network established by the Italian Society of Pediatrics to describe the in-hospital management of children hospitalized for acute bacterial meningitis in 19 Italian hospitals with pediatric wards. METHODS Hospital adherence to the study was voluntary; data were derived from… (More)